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Manual (or examples) of r.ros, r.spreadpath and r.spread in GRASS

Manual (or examples) of r.ros, r.spreadpath and r.spread in GRASS


you can report me references or applications for use of the following modules (GRASS): - r.ros, - r.spreadpath, - r.spread.


The Spread distance is an estimate of the distance field from one or more target cells, such that the distances are routed through the grid lattice (see below). It's calculated iterative, in a way that minimizes the distance field, i.e. shorter routes are sought in each iteration until no shorter route between each grid cell and their nearest target cell can be found.

Before Shih and Wu (2003) published their extremely efficient and accurate 4-pass Euclidean distance transform method, Spread was the dominant method for estimating distances on a raster in GIS. These days, Spread distance isn't used for estimating Euclidean distance (including raster buffering operations) in GIS so much. However, because its iterative approach is conducive to an anisotropic distance calculation, the Spread algorithm is still widely used for performing least-cost pathway analysis. Shih and Wu's method, while faster and more accurate, is useless for estimating a directionally dependent or cost-factor dependent distance. The Spread algorithm also provides the opportunity to calculate the 'back-link' for each cell, essentially equivalent to the D8 flow-direction grid in flow path analysis. In this way, it is possible to identify the 'distance watersheds' that connect each cell in the grid to it's nearest target and to trace individual least-cost pathways for any location to a target. Since least-cost analysis tends to find itself applied in all sorts of spatial optimization problems, the Spread tool is still very relevant today.

If you're looking for an academic reference for the Spread algorithm then I should think Chase (1984) and Rothermel (1983) would be good starting places. If you're just looking for a user reference then the GRASS user manual (http://grass.osgeo.org/grass64/manuals/r.spread.html) is the place to start.


This tutorial will run using GRASS, an open source GIS software, which can be downloaded following the instructions in the next section. GRASS offers a range of tool-sets, including a Wildfire tool-set. This tutorial will run through a basic wildfire spread analysis in the Ottawa-Gatineau area, using some of the tools provided by the Wildfire tool-set.

We will be starting with two sets of data that have been pre-processed for use in this tutorial. The first is a digital elevation model (DEM), and the second is a landcover type raster. DEMs can be used for many types of analysis, including hydrological or oceanography applications. In our case we will be using it to create wildfire spread analysis, by demonstrating cost paths in GRASS. Landcover is important to model the spread of fire, and so a raster was created to represent the landcover of the Ottawa region.


Why is Gage R&R Important?

Gage R&R measures the amount of variability in measurements caused by the measurement system itself. Then compare this variability with the total variability to determine the actual variability of the measurement system. Gage R&R is very important when new workers are assigned, new tools are used, or any significant process change.

For example, imagine a situation where our performance metrics are showing us a serious problem in our manufacturing process. We spend a lot of time and money trying to fix it and improve the process’s performance. But if we’d spent some time looking at gage repeatability and reproducibility instead, we’d have noticed serious measurement variations. The problem wasn’t in the process at all it was in the measurements. Checking this first would have saved time, money, and stress.

Variation is made up of part and gage variation.
Image from Bo-ci-an under CC-BY-SA 3.0.


A Data-driven Model for Large Wildfire Behaviour Prediction in Europe ☆

The European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) has been established by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) and the Directorate General for Environment (DG ENV) of the European Commission (EC) in close collaboration with the Member States and neighbour countries. EFFIS is intended as complementary system to national and regional systems in the countries, providing harmonised information required for international collaboration on forest fire prevention and fighting and in cases of trans-boundary fire events. However, one missing component in the system is a wildfire behaviour model able to cover the whole Europe. We propose a new general conceptualisation for wildfire prediction. It relies on an array-based and semantically enhanced (Semantic Array Programming) application of the Dynamic Data Driven Application Systems (DDDAS) concept, so as to predict spread of large fires at European level. The proposed mathematical framework is designed to simulate with an ensemble strategy the wildfire dynamics under given sequences of actions for controlling the fire spread and updated data- driven information. First results on data and software uncertainties associated with the problem have been presented with a real case study in Spain.


Chapter 4 Travel-Related Infectious Diseases

William L. Nicholson, Christopher D. Paddock

INFECTIOUS AGENTS

Rickettsial infections are caused by multiple bacteria from the order Rickettsiales and genera Rickettsia, Anaplasma, Ehrlichia, Neorickettsia, Neoehrlichia, and Orientia (Table 4-19). Rickettsia spp. are classically divided into the spotted fever group (SFG) and the typhus group, although more recently these have been classified into as many as 4 groups. Orientia spp. make up the scrub typhus group. The rickettsial pathogens most likely to be encountered during travel outside the United States include Rickettsia africae (African tick-bite fever), R. conorii (Mediterranean spotted fever), Anaplasma phagocytophilum (anaplasmosis), R. rickettsii (known as both Rocky Mountain spotted fever and Brazilian spotted fever), Orientia tsutsugamushi (scrub typhus), and R. typhi (murine typhus).

TRANSMISSION

Most rickettsial organisms are transmitted by the bites or infectious fluids (such as feces) inoculated into the skins from ectoparasites such as fleas, lice, mites, and ticks. Inhaling bacteria or inoculating conjunctiva with infectious material may also result in infection. The specific vectors that transmit each form of rickettsiae are listed in Table 4-19. Transmission of a few rickettsial diseases from transfusion of infected blood products or by organ transplantation is rare but has been reported.

EPIDEMIOLOGY

All travelers are at risk of acquiring rickettsial infections during travel to endemic areas. Transmission occurs throughout the year but is increased during outdoor activities. Because of the 5- to 14-day incubation period for most rickettsial diseases, tourists may not experience symptoms during their trip, and onset may coincide with their return home or within a week after returning. Although the most commonly diagnosed rickettsial diseases in travelers are usually in the spotted fever or typhus groups, travelers may acquire a wide range of rickettsioses, including emerging and newly recognized species not well known by many health care providers (see Table 4-19).

Spotted Fever Group Rickettsioses

Tickborne spotted fever rickettsioses are the most frequently reported travel-associated rickettsial infections. Those who go on safari&mdashespecially those walking in the bush, game hunters, and ecotourists to southern Africa&mdashare at risk for African tick-bite fever. This disease remains the most commonly reported rickettsial infection acquired during travel. Cases commonly occur as clusters among travel groups, and the diagnosis of African tick-bite fever in a member of a family or tourist group can alert other similarly exposed people to seek care if they develop symptoms. R. africae is also endemic to several Caribbean islands, and imported cases have been described from this region.

Travel-associated cases of Mediterranean spotted fever are less commonly reported but occur over an even larger region, including (but not limited to) much of Europe, Africa, India, and the Middle East. Rocky Mountain spotted fever (also known as Brazilian spotted fever, as well as other local names) occurs throughout much of the Western Hemisphere, and cases are reported from Canada, the United States, Mexico, and many countries of Central and South America, including Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, and Panama. Clusters of illness may be reported in families or in geographic areas. Contact with dogs in rural and urban settings, and outdoor activities such as hiking, hunting, fishing, and camping increase the risk of infection.

The causative agent of rickettsialpox, R. akari, is transmitted by house mouse mites and circulates in mainly urban centers in Ukraine, South Africa, Korea, the Balkan states, and the United States. Outbreaks of rickettsialpox most often occur after contact with infected peridomestic rodents and their mites, especially during natural die-offs or exterminations of infected rodents that cause the mites to seek out new hosts, including humans.

Typhus Group Rickettsioses

Flea-associated rickettsioses caused by R. typhi and R. felis are globally distributed, particularly in and around port cities and coastal regions with large rodent populations. Humans exposed to flea-infested cats, dogs, and peridomestic animals while traveling in endemic regions, or who enter or sleep in areas infested with rodents, are at most risk for fleaborne rickettsioses. Murine typhus has been reported among travelers returning from Asia, Africa, and the Mediterranean Basin. Most cases acquired in the United States are reported from Hawaii, California, and Texas.

Epidemic typhus caused by R. prowazekii infection is reported rarely among tourists but can occur in communities and in refugee or incarcerated populations where body lice are prevalent. Outbreaks often occur during the colder months. Travelers at most risk for epidemic typhus include those who work with large homeless populations or who visit, impoverished areas, refugee camps, and regions that have recently experienced war or natural disasters. Active foci of epidemic typhus are known in the Andes regions of South America and some parts of Africa (including, but not limited to, Burundi, Ethiopia, and Rwanda). Louseborne epidemic typhus does not occur regularly in the United States, but a zoonotic reservoir exists in the southern flying squirrel, and sporadic sylvatic epidemic typhus cases are reported when they invade houses.

Scrub Typhus Group Rickettsioses

Scrub typhus can be transmitted by many species of trombiculid mites encountered in high grass and brush and is endemic to northern Japan, Southeast Asia, Indonesia, eastern Australia, China, several parts of south-central Russia, India, and Sri Lanka rare cases have been reported from the United Arab Emirates and Chile. More than 1 million cases occur annually, often in farmers or other occupationally exposed people. Most travel-acquired cases of scrub typhus are reported after visits to rural areas in countries where O. tsutusgamushi is endemic, but urban cases have also been described.

Other Rickettsioses

Ehrlichiosis and anaplasmosis are tickborne infections most commonly reported in the United States, but pathogenic species can be found in many regions of the world. A variety of species are implicated in infection, but E. chaffeensis and A. phagocytophilum are most common. Infections with various Ehrlichia and Anaplasma spp. have also been reported in Europe, Africa, Asia, and South America.

Neoehrlichia mikurensis is a tickborne pathogen that occurs in many parts of Europe and Asia. It generally infects older or immunocompromised people. Sennetsu fever, caused by Neorickettsia sennetsu, occurs in Japan, Malaysia, and possibly other parts of Asia. This disease can be contracted from eating raw fish infected with neorickettsiae-infected flukes.


Acknowledgements

R4DS is a collaborative effort and many people have contributed fixes and improvements via pull request: adi pradhan (@adidoit), Andrea Gilardi (@agila5), Ajay Deonarine (@ajay-d), @AlanFeder, pete (@alonzi), Alex (@ALShum), Andrew Landgraf (@andland), @andrewmacfarland, Michael Henry (@aviast), Mara Averick (@batpigandme), Brent Brewington (@bbrewington), Bill Behrman (@behrman), Ben Herbertson (@benherbertson), Ben Marwick (@benmarwick), Ben Steinberg (@bensteinberg), Brandon Greenwell (@bgreenwell), Brett Klamer (@bklamer), Christian Mongeau (@chrMongeau), Cooper Morris (@coopermor), Colin Gillespie (@csgillespie), Rademeyer Vermaak (@csrvermaak), Abhinav Singh (@curious-abhinav), Curtis Alexander (@curtisalexander), Christian G. Warden (@cwarden), Kenny Darrell (@darrkj), David Rubinger (@davidrubinger), David Clark (@DDClark), Derwin McGeary (@derwinmcgeary), Daniel Gromer (@dgromer), @djbirke, Devin Pastoor (@dpastoor), Julian During (@duju211), Dylan Cashman (@dylancashman), Dirk Eddelbuettel (@eddelbuettel), Edwin Thoen (@EdwinTh), Ahmed El-Gabbas (@elgabbas), Eric Watt (@ericwatt), Erik Erhardt (@erikerhardt), Etienne B. Racine (@etiennebr), Everett Robinson (@evjrob), Flemming Villalona (@flemingspace), Floris Vanderhaeghe (@florisvdh), Garrick Aden-Buie (@gadenbuie), Garrett Grolemund (@garrettgman), Josh Goldberg (@GoldbergData), bahadir cankardes (@gridgrad), Gustav W Delius (@gustavdelius), Hadley Wickham (@hadley), Hao Chen (@hao-trivago), Harris McGehee (@harrismcgehee), Hengni Cai (@hengnicai), Ian Sealy (@iansealy), Ian Lyttle (@ijlyttle), Ivan Krukov (@ivan-krukov), Jacob Kaplan (@jacobkap), Jazz Weisman (@jazzlw), John D. Storey (@jdstorey), Jeff Boichuk (@jeffboichuk), Gregory Jefferis (@jefferis), 蒋雨蒙 (@JeldorPKU), Jennifer (Jenny) Bryan (@jennybc), Jen Ren (@jenren), Jeroen Janssens (@jeroenjanssens), Jim Hester (@jimhester), JJ Chen (@jjchern), Joanne Jang (@joannejang), John Sears (@johnsears), @jonathanflint, Jon Calder (@jonmcalder), Jonathan Page (@jonpage), Justinas Petuchovas (@jpetuchovas), Jose Roberto Ayala Solares (@jroberayalas), Julia Stewart Lowndes (@jules32), Sonja (@kaetschap), Kara Woo (@karawoo), Katrin Leinweber (@katrinleinweber), Karandeep Singh (@kdpsingh), Kyle Humphrey (@khumph), Kirill Sevastyanenko (@kirillseva), @koalabearski, Kirill Müller (@krlmlr), Noah Landesberg (@landesbergn), @lindbrook, Mauro Lepore (@maurolepore), Mark Beveridge (@mbeveridge), Matt Herman (@mfherman), Mine Cetinkaya-Rundel (@mine-cetinkaya-rundel), Matthew Hendrickson (@mjhendrickson), @MJMarshall, Mustafa Ascha (@mustafaascha), Nelson Areal (@nareal), Nate Olson (@nate-d-olson), Nathanael (@nateaff), Nick Clark (@nickclark1000), @nickelas, Nirmal Patel (@nirmalpatel), Nina Munkholt Jakobsen (@nmjakobsen), Jakub Nowosad (@Nowosad), Peter Hurford (@peterhurford), Patrick Kennedy (@pkq), Radu Grosu (@radugrosu), Ranae Dietzel (@Ranae), Robin Gertenbach (@rgertenbach), Richard Zijdeman (@rlzijdeman), Robin (@Robinlovelace), Emily Robinson (@robinsones), Rohan Alexander (@RohanAlexander), Romero Morais (@RomeroBarata), Albert Y. Kim (@rudeboybert), Saghir (@saghirb), Jonas (@sauercrowd), Robert Schuessler (@schuess), Seamus McKinsey (@seamus-mckinsey), @seanpwilliams, Luke Smith (@seasmith), Matthew Sedaghatfar (@sedaghatfar), Sebastian Kraus (@sekR4), Sam Firke (@sfirke), Shannon Ellis (@ShanEllis), @shoili, S’busiso Mkhondwane (@sibusiso16), @spirgel, Steven M. Mortimer (@StevenMMortimer), Stéphane Guillou (@stragu), Sergiusz Bleja (@svenski), Tal Galili (@talgalili), Tim Waterhouse (@timwaterhouse), TJ Mahr (@tjmahr), Thomas Klebel (@tklebel), Tom Prior (@tomjamesprior), Terence Teo (@tteo), Will Beasley (@wibeasley), @yahwes, Yihui Xie (@yihui), Yiming (Paul) Li (@yimingli), Hiroaki Yutani (@yutannihilation), @zeal626, Azza Ahmed (@zo0z)


Real Life Examples of Logarithms (in Everyday Life)

The Richter Scale for earthquakes is a classic example of a logarithmic scale in real life. One of the more interesting facts about this particular logarithmic scale is that it's related to the length of the fault line. The largest earthquake ever recorded was a magnitude 9.5 on May 22, 1960 in Chile on a 1,000 mile long fault line (source: USGS). By comparison, a theoretical mag 10 earthquake would stretch for tens of thousands of miles A practical impossibility but it's fairly easy to grasp that small jumps in numbers here mean huge changes, not small ones.

Decibels, light intensity and and pH (as in, my pool water testing kit) are all well-known logarithmic scales. However, ". any natural phenomenon that grows or decays at a rate proportional to its current value (such as population growth or compound interest) can be modeled with logarithms (Hughes, 1996).

A less well known application of logarithms is password strength:

In summation, is the average person really going to ever use a logarithm in real life? Probably not in the "nuts and bolts" sense of the word, but they are useful for many situations. Logarithms work in the same way that a computer chip works in your vehicle--alerting you to that needed oil change, faulty gasket, or open door. Without that chip, we'd be back to the days of troubleshooting a vehicle with a wrench and overalls. In the same way, there are plenty of real life examples of logarithms working under the hood--you just probably never have a reason to see them.


Free and Open Source Software

fixed.3alleg4
fixed(3alleg4): - Fixed point integer to replace floats.
fixed(3alleg4): This is a fixed point integer which can replace float with similar results and is faster than float on low end machines. Read chapter "Fixed point math routines" for the full explanation.

poll.3posix
poll(3posix): poll --- input/output multiplexing (Ubuntu)
poll(3posix): The poll() function provides applications with a mechanism for multiplexing input/output over a set of file descriptors. For each member of the array pointed to by fds, poll() shall examine the given file descriptor for the event(s)

alignxy.3
alignxy(3): - Cdk utility functions - (Ubuntu Linux)
alignxy(3): These are utility functions that one may use to initialize, build or customize widgets. AVAILABLE FUNCTIONS CDKgetDirectoryContents opens and reads the contents of the given directory, filling the array list with the sorted contents of the

gtkdoc-mkdb.1
gtkdoc-mkdb(1): gtkdoc-mkdb --- creates the DocBook files from the edited templates.
gtkdoc-mkdb(1): gtkdoc-mkdb This creates the DocBook files from the edited templates. This binary must be used inside a Makefile and not directly in a command line. See section

llvm-cov-3.9.1
llvm-cov-3.9(1): - emit coverage information (Ubuntu)
llvm-cov-3.9(1): The llvm-cov report command displays a summary of the coverage of a binary BIN using the profile data PROFILE. It can optionally be filtered to only show the coverage for the files listed in SOURCES.

mason.3pm
mason(3pm): - Powerful, high-performance templating for the web and beyond
mason(3pm): Mason is a powerful Perl-based templating system, designed to generate dynamic content of all kinds. Unlike many templating systems, Mason does not attempt to invent an alternate, "easier" syntax for templates.

strndup.3posix
strndup(3posix): strndup --- duplicate a specific number of bytes from a string
strndup(3posix): Refer to strdup(). COPYRIGHT Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base

tmalign.1
tmalign(1): - protein structure alignment - (Ubuntu)
tmalign(1): TMalign performs a structural alignment of proteins. The alignment is scored by the TM-score algorithm. http://zhang.bioinformatics.ku.edu/TM-align/, rasmol(1) When using this proram and for more detailed information, please refer to the

lnkinfo.1
lnkinfo(1): lnkinfo --- determines information about a Windows Shortcut File (LNK)
lnkinfo(1): lnkinfo is a utility to determine information about a Windows Shortcut File (LNK) lnkinfo is part of the liblnk package. liblnk is a library to access the Windows Shortcut File (LNK) format source is the source file.

ksu.1
ksu(1): - Kerberized super-user (Ubuntu Linux Manual)
ksu(1): ksu is a Kerberized version of the su program that has two missions: one is to securely change the real and effective user ID to that of the target user, and the other is to create a new security context.

bvedit.1
bvedit(1): - visual editor for binary files VERSION bvi-1.4.0
bvedit(1): Bvi stands for "Binary VIsual editor". Bvi is a screen oriented editor for binary files its command set is based on that of the vi(1) text editor. As a binary editor does not have the concept of "lines" there are differences from Vi

glbindrenderbuffer.3g
glbindrenderbuffer(3g): - bind a renderbuffer to a renderbuffer target
glbindrenderbuffer(3g): glBindRenderbuffer binds the renderbuffer object with name renderbuffer to the renderbuffer target specified by target. target must be GL_RENDERBUFFER. renderbuffer is the name of a renderbuffer object previously returned from a call to

gt-encseq-md5.1
gt-encseq-md5(1): - Display MD5 sums for an encoded sequence.
gt-encseq-md5(1): -fromindex [yes|no] use MD5 table from .md5 file (default: yes) -o [filename] redirect output to specified file (default: undefined) -gzip [yes|no] write gzip compressed output file (default: no) -bzip2 [yes|no] write bzip2 compressed

xloadimage.1x
xloadimage(1x): - load images into an X11 window or onto the root window
xloadimage(1x): Xloadimage displays images in an X11 window, loads them onto the root window, or writes them into a file. Many image types are recognized use the -supported option to list them.

gnucap-ibis.1
gnucap-ibis(1): - GNU Circuit Analysis Package IBIS translator
gnucap-ibis(1): GNUCAP-IBIS is a IBIS translator tool in the GNUCAP suite. It will transform IBIS models into SPICE models for use in SPICE simulations. The IBIS model in filename is being parsed and can be translated to whatever format is requested.

activatecdkalphalist.3
activatecdkalphalist(3): - curses sorted list widget.
activatecdkalphalist(3): The Cdk alphalist allows a user to select from a list of alphabetically sorted words. The user can use the arrow keys to traverse through the list or type in the beginning of the word and the list will automatically adjust itself in the

pdfetex.1
pdfetex(1): - PDF output from e-TeX - (Ubuntu Linux)
pdfetex(1): pdfeTeX is another name for pdfTeX they behave identically. See pdftex(1) for all information. pdftex(1), http://pdftex.org, http://tug.org/web2c. pdfetex [options] [&ampformat] [file|commands]

kldstat.2freebsd
kldstat(2freebsd): kldstat --- get status of kld file
kldstat(2freebsd): The kldstat() system call writes the info for the file referred to by fileid into stat. struct kld_file_stat < int version /* set to sizeof(struct kld_file_stat) */ char name[MAXPATHLEN] int refs int id caddr_t address size_t size

gmtdefaults.1gmt
gmtdefaults(1gmt): - List current GMT default parameters
gmtdefaults(1gmt): gmtdefaults lists the GMT parameter defaults if the option -D is used. There are three ways to change some of the settings: (1) Use the command gmtset, (2) use any text editor to edit the file gmt.conf in your home,

d.title.1grass
d.title(1grass): - Create a TITLE for a raster map in a form suitable for display
d.title(1grass): d.title generates to standard output a string which can be used by d.text to draw a TITLE for the raster map layer name in the active display frame on the graphics monitor. Output created by d.

fldiff.1
fldiff(1): - compare files and directories graphically
fldiff(1): fldiff is a graphical diff program that shows the differences between two files/directories, or a file/directory and a CVS or Subversion repository. COPYRIGHT Copyright 2005 by Michael Sweet This program is free software you can

uisp.1
uisp(1): - Micro In-System Programmer for Atmel's AVR MCUs
uisp(1): Programming Methods: -dprog=&ltmethod&gt avr910 Standard Atmel Serial Programmer/Atmel Low Cost Programmer pavr http://www.avr1.org/pavr/pavr.html stk500 Atmel STK500 dapa Direct AVR Parallel Access stk200 Parallel Starter Kit STK200,

superkb.1
superkb(1): - Graphical keyboard launcher with on-screen hints
superkb(1): Superkb is a keyboard-based application launcher based on a hotkey (the Super key by default) that allows for on-screen keyboard hints to be displayed if it is held long enough without calling any bound action.

wcsncmp.3posix
wcsncmp(3posix): wcsncmp --- compare part of two wide-character strings
wcsncmp(3posix): The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with the ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described here and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of POSIX.12008 defers to the ISO C standard.

restart-dirsrv.8
restart-dirsrv(8): - restart script for Directory Server
restart-dirsrv(8): restart-dirsrv restarts all Directory Server instances on a system, or only a single instance if specified restart-dirsrv [&ltinstance&gt] restart-dirsrv was written by the 389 Project.

xkballocgeomrows.3
xkballocgeomrows(3): - Allocate rows in a section (Ubuntu)
xkballocgeomrows(3): Xkb provides a number of functions to allocate and free subcomponents of a keyboard geometry. Use these functions to create or modify keyboard geometries. Note that these functions merely allocate space for the new element(s), and it is up

file.1posix
file(1posix): file --- determine file type (Ubuntu)
file(1posix):

proxy-server.conf.5
proxy-server.conf(5): - configuration file for the OpenStack Swift proxy server
proxy-server.conf(5): This is the configuration file used by the proxy server and other proxy middlewares. The configuration file follows the python-pastedeploy syntax. The file is divided into sections, which are enclosed by square brackets.

rebuildd-job.1
rebuildd-job(1): - rebuildd job database management
rebuildd-job(1): rebuildd-job allows you to manage rebuildd database. You can list or add jobs. rebuildd (1), rebuildd-init-build-system (1). rebuildd-job [add|list|stats]

axiom.1
axiom(1): - A general purpose computer algebra system
axiom(1): axiom is a fomerly proprietary, newly open-source, interactive computer algebra program. Opensource axiom now has support for both graphics and the hyperdoc help system. Please refer to these facilities for detailed usage instructions.

x42-scope.1
x42-scope(1): - JACK/LV2 Oscilloscope (Ubuntu Linux)
x42-scope(1): x42-scope is a four channel oscilloscope for use with the JACK Audio Connection Kit. It is equivalent to using the 'http://gareus.org/oss/lv2/sisco#4chan' LV2 plugin except that it is a standalone version, not depending on any LV2-host.

atof.3
atof(3): - convert a string to a double (Ubuntu Linux)
atof(3): The atof() function converts the initial portion of the string pointed to by nptr to double. The behavior is the same as strtod(nptr, NULL) except that atof() does not detect errors.

ase-gui.1
ase-gui(1): - graphical user interface for ASE (Ubuntu)
ase-gui(1): See the online manual (https://wiki.fysik.dtu.dk/ase/ase/gui/gui.html) for more information. ase-gui [options] [file[, file2, . ]] ase-gui - graphical user interface for ASE

factor.pl.1
factor.pl(1): - Print prime factors - (Ubuntu Linux)
factor.pl(1): Print the prime factors of each positive integer given on the command line, or reads numbers from standard input if called without arguments. Math expressions may be given as arguments, which will be evaluated before factoring.

symlinks.1
symlinks(1): - symbolic link maintenance utility (Ubuntu)
symlinks(1): symlinks is a useful utility for maintainers of FTP sites, CDROMs, and Linux software distributions. It scans directories for symbolic links and lists them on stdout, often revealing flaws in the filesystem tree.

qalculate-gtk.1
qalculate-gtk(1): - Powerful and easy to use desktop calculator
qalculate-gtk(1): Qalculate! is a small and simple to use calculator but with much power and versatility underneath. Features include customizable functions, units, arbitrary precision using a one-line fault-tolerant expression entry.

unhide.8
unhide(8): unhide --- forensic tool to find hidden processes
unhide(8): unhide is a forensic tool to find processes hidden by rootkits, Linux kernel modules or by other techniques. It detects hidden processes using six techniques.

nmapfe.1
nmapfe(1): - Graphical Nmap frontend and results viewer
nmapfe(1): Zenmap is a multi-platform graphical Nmap frontend and results viewer. Zenmap aims to make Nmap easy for beginners to use while giving experienced Nmap users advanced features.

test.1posix
test(1posix): test --- evaluate expression (Ubuntu)
test(1posix): None. Section 1.1.1.4, File Read, Write, and Creation, find The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.12008, Chapter 8, Environment Variables, Section 12.2, Utility Syntax Guidelines COPYRIGHT Portions of this text are reprinted and

plucene.3pm
plucene(3pm): - A Perl port of the Lucene search engine
plucene(3pm): Plucene is a fully-featured and highly customizable search engine toolkit based on the Lucene API. (&lthttp://jakarta.apache.org/lucene&gt) It is not, in and of itself, a functional search engine - you are expected to subclass and tie all

convert-ly.1
convert-ly(1): - manual page for convert-ly 2.18.2
convert-ly(1): Update LilyPond input to newer version. By default, update from the version taken from the version command, to the current LilyPond version. If FILE is `-', read from standard input.

xsetdevicebuttonmapping.3
xsetdevicebuttonmapping(3): - query or change device button mappings
xsetdevicebuttonmapping(3): The XSetDeviceButtonMapping request sets the mapping of the specified device. If it succeeds, the X server generates a DeviceMappingNotify event, and XSetDeviceButtonMapping returns MappingSuccess.

mdagtbls.1
mdagtbls(1): - Construct tables of projected and background corrected images
mdagtbls(1): mDAGTbls is primarily a utility for mDAG. In normal Montage processing, one can build support files as you go: retrieve a set of images from an archive, then make a list of the images retrieved reproject the images, then make a list of the

tiff.3tcl
tiff(3tcl): - TIFF reading, writing, and querying and manipulation of meta data
tiff(3tcl): This package provides commands to query, modify, read, and write TIFF images. TIFF stands for Tagged Image File Format and is a standard for lossless storage of photographical images and associated metadata.

qfractalnow.1
qfractalnow(1): - Explore fractals and generate fractal images.
qfractalnow(1): QFractalNow is a graphical tool, based on Qt library, that allows users to explore fractals intuitively and generate pictures. It is multi-threaded and implements advanced algorithms and heuristics that make computation very fast compared

yadifa.8
yadifa(8): - utility for controlling yadifad(8) (Ubuntu)
yadifa(8): yadifa controls the operation of yadifad. yadifa communicates with a name server over a TCP connection. The protocol used between client - server is an extension of the DNS protocol.

volinfo.8
volinfo(8): - Produces detailed statistics about AFS volume headers
volinfo(8): The volinfo command displays detailed statistics about one or more volume headers and the partition that houses them. The command must be issued on a file server machine and by default produces output for every volume on every AFS server

crsh.1p
crsh(1p): - Cluster administration tool (Ubuntu Linux)
crsh(1p): The command opens an administration console and an xterm to all specified hosts. Any text typed into the administration console is replicated to all windows. All windows may also be typed into directly.

xmdragcontext.3
xmdragcontext(3): XmDragContext --- The DragContext widget class "XmDragContext"
xmdragcontext(3): DragContexts are special widgets used in drag and drop transactions. A DragContext is implemented as a widget, but a client does not explicitly create a DragContext widget.

post.8mh
post(8mh): - deliver a message (Ubuntu Linux Manual)
post(8mh): Post is the default program called by send to deliver the message in file to local and remote users. In fact, most of the features attributed to send in its manual page are performed by post, with send acting as a relatively simple

rfstat.1
rfstat(1): - get information about a file or directory
rfstat(1): The rfstat program provides an interface to the shift remote file I/O daemon (rfiod) for getting information about a remote directory or file. The filename or directory argument is either a remote file name of the form: hostname:path or a

bcfg2-admin.8
bcfg2-admin(8): - Perform repository administration tasks
bcfg2-admin(8): bcfg2-admin is used to perform Bcfg2 repository administration. bcfg2-info(8), bcfg2-server(8) bcfg2-admin [-C configfile] mode [mode args] [mode options]

mhistogram.1
mhistogram(1): - None (Unbuntu Linux Learning Resources)
mhistogram(1): The mViewer application makes PNG/JPEG files using FITS images as input. Part of that processing involves analyzing the FITS files and creating a histogram that is used to inform the transformation from pixel values to display

haval.3trf
haval(3trf): - Message digest "haval" (Ubuntu Linux)
haval(3trf): The command haval is one of several message digests provided by the package trf. See trf-intro for an overview of the whole package. haval ?options. ?data? The options listed below are understood by the digest if and only if the digest

jpeg2swf.1
jpeg2swf(1): - Converts jpeg images to SWF. Synopsis jpeg2swf [-options [value]]
jpeg2swf(1): This tool converts jpeg image files into an SWF animation. It takes any number of input pictures, and converts them to SWF one-by-one, where every converted picture is a separate frame in the target SWF.

npm2deb.1
npm2deb(1): - debianize nodejs modules available via npm
npm2deb(1): A script to make faster and easier packaging nodejs modules already provided by npm. Take care to have defined DEBEMAIL (or EMAIL) and DEBFULL npm2deb [-D debug] < create | view | depends | rdepends | search | itp >node_module npm2deb

graph.3tcl
graph(3tcl): - Create and manipulate directed graph objects
graph(3tcl): A directed graph is a structure containing two collections of elements, called nodes and arcs respectively, together with a relation ("connectivity") that places a general structure upon the nodes and arcs.

subs.3perl
subs(3perl): - Perl pragma to predeclare sub names
subs(3perl): This will predeclare all the subroutine whose names are in the list, allowing you to use them without parentheses even before they're declared. Unlike pragmas that affect the $^H hints variable, the "use vars" and "use subs" declarations

ipcs.1posix
ipcs(1posix): ipcs --- report XSI interprocess communication facilities status
ipcs(1posix): None. ipcrm The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.12008, Chapter 8, Environment Variables, Section 12.2, Utility Syntax Guidelines The System Interfaces volume of POSIX.

aemv.1
aemv(1): - rename one or more files as part of a change
aemv(1): The aegis -MoVe_file command is used to copy a file into a change and change its name at the same time. The named files will be copied from the baseline (old-file) into the development directory (new-file), and added to the list of files in

xtname.3
xtname(3): - obtain widget's name (Ubuntu Linux Manual)
xtname(3): XtName returns the widget's name. X Toolkit Intrinsics - C Language Interface Xlib - C Language X Interface XtName - obtain widget's name SYNTAX String XtName(Widget w) ARGUMENTS w Specifies the widget.

kwalletcli.1
kwalletcli(1): kwalletcli --- command line interface to the KDE Wallet
kwalletcli(1): The kwalletcli utility is a command line interface to KWallet. It will only work if KDE is running (DCOP) and reachable (via X11). kwalletcli can be used to get password entries from the Wallet, or to write them there.

pmlookupdesc.3
pmlookupdesc(3): - obtain a description for a performance metric C
pmlookupdesc(3): Given a Performance Metrics Identifier (PMID) as pmid, fill in the given pmDesc structure, pointed to by the parameter desc, from the current Performance Metrics Application Programming Interface (PMAPI) context.

vstoren.3clc
vstoren(3clc): - Write sizeof bytes (gentypen) to memory.
vstoren(3clc): Write sizeof(gentypen) bytes given by data to address (p + (offset * n)). The address computed as (p + (offset * n)) must be 8-bit aligned if gentype is char or uchar 16-bit aligned if gentype is short, ushort, or half 32-bit aligned if

ldbadd.1
ldbadd(1): - Command-line utility for adding records to an LDB
ldbadd(1): ldbadd adds records to an ldb(3) database. It reads the ldif(5) files specified on the command line and adds the records from these files to the LDB database, which is specified by the -H option or the LDB_URL environment variable.

xkbfreegeomkeyaliases.3
xkbfreegeomkeyaliases(3): - Free geometry key aliases
xkbfreegeomkeyaliases(3): Xkb provides a number of functions to allocate and free subcomponents of a keyboard geometry. Use these functions to create or modify keyboard geometries. Note that these functions merely allocate space for the new element(s), and it is up

cmtk-glm.1
cmtk-glm(1): - General Linear Model - (Ubuntu Linux)
cmtk-glm(1): Statistical modeling of pixel intensities in multiple images using a General Linear Model. The independent variables of the model are defined in one of more control files.

ec2-delete-vpn-connection.1
ec2-delete-vpn-connection(1): - Delete a VPN connection
ec2-delete-vpn-connection(1): Deletes a VPN connection. The VPN_CONNECTION parameter is the ID of the VPN connection you want to delete. GENERAL http://docs.amazonwebservices.com/AWSEC2/2014-05-01/CommandLineReference http://docs.amazonwebservices.

checkbot.1p
checkbot(1p): - WWW Link Verifier (Ubuntu Linux Manual)
checkbot(1p): Checkbot verifies the links in a specific portion of the World Wide Web. It creates HTML pages with diagnostics. Checkbot uses LWP to find URLs on pages and to check them.

kradio4-convert-presets.1
kradio4-convert-presets(1): - convert-presets (Ubuntu)
kradio4-convert-presets(1): This utility converts the preset files in the KRadio pre 0.3.0 alpha 2 format to the current one. kradio4(1) kradio4-convert-presets [Qt-options] [KDE-options] [options] [preset files]

pstopnm.1
pstopnm(1): - convert a PostScript file into a portable anymap
pstopnm(1): Reads a PostScript file as input. Produces PBM, PGM, or PPM files as output. This program simply uses GhostScript to render a PostScript file with its PNM device drivers.

analog.1
analog(1): - web server logfile analyser - (Ubuntu)
analog(1): Analog is a program for analyzing log files, and is designed to be fast and to produce attractive statistics. The usual (and easier) way of configuring analog is through a configuration file, not command line options.

drawcdkitemlist.3
drawcdkitemlist(3): - curses itemlist widget. (Ubuntu)
drawcdkitemlist(3): The Cdk itemlist widget creates a widget which allows a user to select from a list of preset character strings such as the days of the week or the months of the year. The following functions create or manipulate the Cdk itemlist widget.

setup-logidee-tools.1
setup-logidee-tools(1): - setup a directory to support a tree of XML documents
setup-logidee-tools(1): This manual page documents briefly the setup-logidee-tools command. setup-logidee-tools is a program that installs the necessary symlink and files in the current directory so that the directory is ready to accept XML files that can be used

any2djvu.1
any2djvu(1): - Convert .ps/.ps.gz/.pdf to .djvu (Ubuntu)
any2djvu(1): Converts files from .ps/.ps.gz/.pdf to .djvu by running them through a web server willing to perform this task. Invoke with -h switch for usage information. The entire djvu suite, eg djvu(1), djview(1), and djvuserver(1).

resettodr.9freebsd
resettodr(9freebsd): resettodr --- set battery-backed clock from system time
resettodr(9freebsd): The resettodr() function sets the system's battery-backed clock based on the contents of the system time variable. inittodr(9), time(9) #include &ltsys/types.h&gt #include &ltsys/systm.

gnatpython-mainloop.1
gnatpython-mainloop(1): - command line interface for testsuite mainloop (in the
gnatpython-mainloop(1): gnatpython-mainloop program use the MainLoop package which provides a class called MainLoop that provides a generic implementation of a testsuite main loop. Parallelism, abortion and time control are the key features.

openmsx.1
openmsx(1): openmsx --- perfectly emulate the MSX standard and more
openmsx(1): This manual page documents briefly the openmsx command. This manual page is mainly meant to point to the available documentation in the HTML format see below. openmsx is the MSX emulator that aims for perfection.

auplay.1nas
auplay(1nas): - play a sound file to a Network Audio System server
auplay(1nas): The auplay program can be used to play audio data stored in the .SND, .AU, or .WAV formats common on Sun workstations and PCs. It is typically used from shell scripts or command line procedures.

pki-server-subsystem.8
pki-server-subsystem(8): - Command-Line Interface for managing Certificate System
pki-server-subsystem(8): The pki-server subsystem commands provide command-line interfaces to manage Certificate Server (CS) subsystems. A Certificate Server instance consists of a single Apache Tomcat instance that contains one or more CS subsystems.

rds-promote-read-replica.1
rds-promote-read-replica(1): - Promotes a Read Replica instance into a standard DB
rds-promote-read-replica(1): Promotes the specified Read Replica instance into a standard DB instance. ARGUMENTS DBInstanceIdentifier User-supplied database instance identifier that is the unique key that identifies a database instance.

ec2dkey.1
ec2dkey(1): - List keypairs - (Ubuntu Linux Manual)
ec2dkey(1): List and describe keypairs you've created (or have access to) The KEY parameter specifies the name(s) of the key(s) to be described. If unspecified all keypairs visible to you will be returned.

tsmutexlock.3ts
tsmutexlock(3ts): - (Unbuntu Linux Learning Resources)
tsmutexlock(3ts): COPYRIGHT 2014, [email protected] #include &ltts/ts.h&gt void TSMutexLock(TSMutex mutexp) TSMutexLock -

arm-linux-androideabi-elfedit.1
arm-linux-androideabi-elfedit(1): - Update the ELF header of ELF files.
arm-linux-androideabi-elfedit(1): elfedit updates the ELF header of ELF files which have the matching ELF machine and file types. The options control how and which fields in the ELF header should be updated. elffile. are the ELF files to be updated.

ptked.1p
ptked(1p): - an editor in Perl/Tk (Ubuntu Linux Manual)
ptked(1p): ptked is a simple text editor based on perl/Tk's TextUndo widget. ptked [-server] [-encoding encoding] [-geometry geometry] [file-to- edit] ptked - an editor in Perl/Tk

nview.1
nview(1): - text editors (Ubuntu Linux Manual Page)
nview(1): Vi is a screen oriented text editor. Ex is a line‐oriented text editor. Ex and vi are different interfaces to the same program, and it is possible to switch back and forth during an edit session.

unxz.1
unxz(1): - Compress or decompress .xz and .lzma files
unxz(1): xz is a general-purpose data compression tool with command line syntax similar to gzip(1) and bzip2(1). The native file format is the .xz format, but the legacy .

gbkreg2d.1
gbkreg2d(1): - Kernel non linear regression for bivariate data
gbkreg2d(1): 2D kernel estimation of conditional moments. Data are read from standard input as triplet (x,y,z). The moments of z are computed on a regular grid in x and y The kernel bandwidth if not provided with the option -H is set automatically.

vcat.1
vcat(1): - retrieve a revision of a file - (Ubuntu)
vcat(1): Retrv retrieves a specified, previously saved version of a file from the version object base. The version archive is expected to reside in the AtFS subdirectory.

msp430-objdump.1
msp430-objdump(1): - display information from object files.
msp430-objdump(1): objdump displays information about one or more object files. The options control what particular information to display. This information is mostly useful to programmers who are working on the compilation tools, as opposed to programmers

shisa.1
shisa(1): - Shishi database interface (Ubuntu Linux)
shisa(1): shisa 1.0.2 Manipulate information stored in the Shisa user database. -h, --help Print help and exit -V, --version Print version and exit Operations: -a, --add Add realm or principal to database. -d, --dump Dump entries in database.

wxbrush.3erl
wxbrush(3erl): - See external documentation: wxBrush.
wxbrush(3erl): See external documentation: wxBrush. DATA TYPES wxBrush(): An object reference, The representation is internal and can be changed without notice. It can't be used for comparsion stored on disc or distributed for use on other nodes.

pt-variable-advisor.1p
pt-variable-advisor(1p): - Analyze MySQL variables and advise on possible problems.
pt-variable-advisor(1p): pt-variable-advisor examines "SHOW VARIABLES" for bad values and settings according to the "RULES" described below. It reports on variables that match the rules, so you can find bad settings in your MySQL server.

rosdep.1
rosdep(1): - rosdep command - (Ubuntu Linux Manual)
rosdep(1): The rosdep command helps you install external dependencies in an OS-independent manner. For example, what Debian packages do you need in order to get the OpenGL headers on Ubuntu? How about OS X? Fedora? rosdep can answer this question for

wflinfo.1
wflinfo(1): - a utility for printing OpenGL or OpenGL ES driver information
wflinfo(1): wflinfo is utility which creates an OpenGL or OpenGL ES context using the waffle library and prints information about the context. REQUIRED PARAMETERS -p platform --platform=platform Where platform is android, cgl, gbm, glx, wayland, wgl,

mpresentation.1
mpresentation(1): - Generate HTML wrapper around FITS tiles
mpresentation(1): Generate HTML wrapper around final mosaic FITS tiles, thumbnail and JPEG. mPresentation - Generate HTML wrapper around FITS tiles

m4.1posix
m4(1posix): m4 --- macro processor - (Ubuntu Linux)
m4(1posix): The m4 utility shall compare each token from the input against the set of built-in and user-defined macros. If the token matches the name of a macro, then the token shall be replaced by the macro's defining text, if any, and rescanned for

asmtpd.conf.5
asmtpd.conf(5): - Avenger SMTP Daemon configuration file
asmtpd.conf(5): asmtpd.conf is the configuration file for asmtpd(8), the Mail Avenger mail server. The file contains a series of directives, where each directive takes zero or more arguments.

jsamp.1
jsamp(1): - Java Simple Application Messaging Protocol command-line tool for the
jsamp(1): jsamp provides a low-level command-line interface to the JSAMP Simple Application Messaging Protocol Java library funcationality which Virtual Observatory (VO) applications for exchanging data with each other on the users machine.

x11-ssh-askpass.1x
x11-ssh-askpass(1x): x11-ssh-askpass --- an X11-based pass-phrase dialog for use
x11-ssh-askpass(1x): x11-ssh-askpass is an X11-based pass-phrase dialog for use with OpenSSH. It is intended to be called from the ssh-add(1) program and not invoked directly. x11-ssh-askpass supports most standard Toolkit command line arguments, with the

General Linux Commands (9)

v.extrude.1grass
v.extrude(1grass): - Extrudes flat vector features to 3D vector features with
v.extrude(1grass): v.extrude creates faces, kernels or 3D lines based on input 2D vector features. Points are converted to 3D vertical lines, lines to faces and areas to volumes (composition of closed set of faces and kernel).

2nash.1
2nash(1): - find nash equilibria of two person noncooperative games
2nash(1): All Nash equilibria (NE) for a two person noncooperative game are computed using two interleaved reverse search vertex enumeration steps. The input for the problem are two m by n matrices A,B of integers or rationals.

r.spreadpath.1grass
r.spreadpath(1grass): - Recursively traces the least cost path backwards to cells
r.spreadpath(1grass): r.spreadpath is part of the wildfire simulation toolset. Preparational steps for the fire simulation are the calculation of the rate of spread (ROS) with r.ros, and the creating of spread map with r.spread.

vbindiff.1
vbindiff(1): - hexadecimal file display and comparison
vbindiff(1): Visual Binary Diff (VBinDiff) displays files in hexadecimal and ASCII (or EBCDIC). It can also display two files at once, and highlight the differences between them. Unlike diff, it works well with large files (up to 4 GB).

nauty-shortg.1
nauty-shortg(1): - remove isomorphs from a file of graphs
nauty-shortg(1): Remove isomorphs from a file of graphs. If outfile is omitted, it is taken to be the same as infile If both infile and outfile are omitted, input will be taken from stdin and written to stdout The output file has a header if and only if the

sauerbraten-server.6
sauerbraten-server(6): - network server for sauerbraten
sauerbraten-server(6): This manual page documents briefly the sauerbraten-server command. sauerbraten-server is the standalone network server of the Sauerbraten game. Sauerbraten is a fast 3D first-person shooter.

oarnotify.1
oarnotify(1): - Multi usage command for queues and Almighty notification.
oarnotify(1): This command is used to manage scheduling queues and to notify the OAR server (Almighty). oarnotify [-e str] [-d str] [-E] [-D] [--add-queue str] [--remove-queue str] [-l] [tag_to_Almighty]

alpha-linux-gnu-objcopy.1
alpha-linux-gnu-objcopy(1): - copy and translate object files
alpha-linux-gnu-objcopy(1): The GNU objcopy utility copies the contents of an object file to another. objcopy uses the GNU BFD Library to read and write the object files. It can write the destination object file in a format different from that of the source object

scpr.1
scpr(1): - print out objects in checkpoint files (Ubuntu)
scpr(1): The scpr program is used to print out objects in checkpoint files. scpr [options] [file(s)] scpr - print out objects in checkpoint files

pmlogrewrite.1
pmlogrewrite(1): - rewrite Performance Co-Pilot archives
pmlogrewrite(1): pmlogrewrite reads a set of Performance Co-Pilot (PCP) archive logs identified by inlog and creates a PCP archive log in outlog. Under normal usage, the -c option will be used to nominate a configuration file or files that contains

fcconfiguptodate.3
fcconfiguptodate(3): - Check timestamps on config files
fcconfiguptodate(3): Checks all of the files related to config and returns whether any of them has been modified since the configuration was created. If config is NULL, the current configuration is used.

xpdf.real.1
xpdf.real(1): - Portable Document Format (PDF) file viewer for X (version 3.
xpdf.real(1): Xpdf is a viewer for Portable Document Format (PDF) files. (These are also sometimes also called 'Acrobat' files, from the name of Adobe's PDF software.) Xpdf runs under the X Window System on UNIX, VMS, and OS/2.

eyuvtoppm.1
eyuvtoppm(1): - convert a Berkeley YUV file to a portable pixmap file
eyuvtoppm(1): Reads a Berkeley Encoder YUV (not the same as Abekas YUV) file as input and produces a portable pixmap (ppm) file on the Standard Output. With no filename argument takes input from Standard Input.

g.parser.1grass
g.parser(1grass): - Provides full parser support for GRASS scripts.
g.parser(1grass): The g.parser module provides full parser support for GRASS scripts, including an auto-generated GUI interface, help page template, and command line option checking.

ipmi-dcmi.8
ipmi-dcmi(8): - IPMI DCMI utility (Ubuntu Linux Manual)
ipmi-dcmi(8): Ipmi-dcmi is used to execute Data Center Manageability Interface (often referred to as DCM or DCMI) IPMI extension commands. DCMI extensions include support for asset management and power usage management.

v.db.dropcolumn.1grass
v.db.dropcolumn(1grass): - Drops a column from the attribute table connected to a
v.db.dropcolumn(1grass): v.db.dropcolumn drops a column from the attribute table connected to a given vector map. It automatically checks the connection for the specified layer. v.db.dropcolumn omits to delete the 'cat' column which is relevant to keep the

tcptrace.1
tcptrace(1): - a TCP connection analysis tool (Ubuntu)
tcptrace(1): tcptrace takes a tcpdump file specified on the command line (or from standard input) and produces a summarization of the connections. xplot an interactive tool for examining .xpl files output by tcptrace. jPlot a Java version of xplot.

kvirc.1
kvirc(1): - an Internet Relay Chat client. (Ubuntu)
kvirc(1): KVIrc is a Visual Internet Relay Chat client based on the Qt library. It is intended to be an "user friendly" interface to the IRC protocol (see RFC1459) and its extensions.

cm2man.1
cm2man(1): - convert CommonMark file to man page (Ubuntu)
cm2man(1): Generate a manpage from markdown sources. Reads from &ltsource&gt (default is stdin) and writes to &ltdestination&gt (default is stdout). See &lthttp://docutils.sf.net/docs/user/config.html&gt for the full reference.

vmifustandard.7
vmifustandard(7): - Extract a standard star spectrum.
vmifustandard(7): This recipe extracts IFU standard star fiber spectra using the input extraction mask, after aligning it to the brightest fiber spectra detected on the input exposure.

clip.1gv
clip(1gv): - Clip an OOGL object against planes or other surfaces
clip(1gv): Clip, adapted from Daeron Meyer's ginsu module, allows clipping an OOGL object against planes, spheres, or cylinders from the UNIX command line. Its input can come from a file or standard input output is written to standard output.

suck.1
suck(1): - Pull a small newsfeed from an NNTP server, avoiding the NEWNEWS command.
suck(1): MODE 1 - stdout mode %suck %suck myhost.com Suck grabs news from an NNTP server and sends the articles to stdout. Suck accepts as argument the name of an NNTP server or if you don't give an argument it will take the environment variable

cmtk-film.1
cmtk-film(1): - Fix interleaved motion using inverse interpolation
cmtk-film(1): This tool splits an interleaved input image into the pass images, co- registers them, and reconstructs a motion-corrected image film InputImage OutputImage

ncdump-hdf.1
ncdump-hdf(1): - Convert netCDF files to ASCII form (CDL)
ncdump-hdf(1): ncdump-hdf generates an ASCII representation of a specified netCDF file on standard output. The ASCII representation is in a form called CDL (``network Common Data form Language'') that can be viewed, edited, or serve as input to ncgen.

apcaccess.8
apcaccess(8): apcaccess --- retrieve status information from apcupsd(8)
apcaccess(8): apcaccess is a program which prints out the complete status of most American Power Conversion Corp. (APC) UPSes provided you have the apcupsd(8) daemon installed, properly configured and running.

cli-generate.1
cli-generate(1): - Generate source and documentation from CLI descriptions
cli-generate(1): Operation cli-generate reads in a CLI (command line interface) description file, parses it into its various sections, and prints out one of a set of output files.

aarch64-linux-gnu-cpp-4.9.1
aarch64-linux-gnu-cpp-4.9(1): - The C Preprocessor
aarch64-linux-gnu-cpp-4.9(1): The C preprocessor, often known as cpp, is a macro processor that is used automatically by the C compiler to transform your program before compilation. It is called a macro processor because it allows you to define macros, which are brief

eprof.3erl
eprof(3erl): - A Time Profiling Tool for Erlang (Ubuntu)
eprof(3erl): The module eprof provides a set of functions for time profiling of Erlang programs to find out how the execution time is used. The profiling is done using the Erlang trace BIFs.

uuagc.1
uuagc(1): - Attribute Grammar compiler (Ubuntu Linux)
uuagc(1): This program uuagc is the compiler of the (Utrecht University) Attribute Grammar system. It takes as input AG source files (.ag) and produces as output regular Haskell source files (.hs).

lsh.1
lsh(1): - secsh (SSH2) client (Ubuntu Linux Manual)
lsh(1): CAUTION! The information in this manpage may be invalid or outdated. For authorative information on lsh, please see it's Texinfo manual (see the lsftp(1), lshg(1), lsh-authorize(1), lsh-keygen(1), lsh-make-seed(1), lsh-upgrade(1),

async.3tcl
async(3tcl): - Asynchronous in-memory cache (Ubuntu)
async(3tcl): This package provides objects which cache data in memory, and operate asynchronously with regard to request and responses. The objects are agnostic with regard to cache keys and values, and unknown methods are delegated to the provider of

firehol-services.5
firehol-services(5): - FireHOL services list (Ubuntu)
firehol-services(5): service: AH IPSec Authentication Header (AH) Example: server AH accept Service Type: * simple Server Ports: * 51/any Client Ports: * any Links * [Wikipedia][WIKI-AH] Notes For more information see this Archive of the FreeS/WAN documentation

pgreplay.1
pgreplay(1): - PostgreSQL log file replayer for performance tests
pgreplay(1): pgreplay reads a PostgreSQL log file (not a WAL file), extracts the SQL statements and executes them in the same order and relative time against a PostgreSQL database cluster.

pcp.1
pcp(1): - run a command or summarize an installation
pcp(1): The pcp command is used in one of two modes. By default, it summarizes the Performance Co-Pilot (PCP) installation on the local host. This mode can also be used to summarize the installation from a remote host, or a historical installation

pyvows.1
pyvows(1): - BDD test engine based on Vows.js (Ubuntu)
pyvows(1): Traceback (most recent call last): File "pyvows/cli.py", line 29, in &ltmodule&gt from pyvows.color import yellow, Style, Fore ImportError: No module named pyvows.color File "pyvows/cli.py", line 29, in &ltmodule&gt from pyvows.

ml-burg.1
ml-burg(1): - a tree parser generator for Standard ML
ml-burg(1): This manual page documents briefly the ml-burg command. This manual page was written for the Debian distribution because the original program does not have a manual page.

ec2-create-snapshot.1
ec2-create-snapshot(1): - Create a snapshot of a volume
ec2-create-snapshot(1): An optional description of the snapshot. http://docs.amazonwebservices.com/AWSEC2/2014-05-01/CommandLineReference http://docs.amazonwebservices.com/AWSEC2/latest/CommandLineReference

pmcpp.1
pmcpp(1): - simple preprocessor for the Performance Co-Pilot
pmcpp(1): pmcpp provides a very simple pre-processor originally designed for manipulating Performance Metric Name Space (PMNS) files for the Performance Co-Pilot (PCP), but later generalized to provide conditional blocks, include file processing,

docker-update.1
docker-update(1): - Update configuration of one or more containers
docker-update(1): The docker update command dynamically updates container configuration. you can Use this command to prevent containers from consuming too many resources from their Docker host.

vacuumlo.1
vacuumlo(1): - remove orphaned large objects from a PostgreSQL database
vacuumlo(1): vacuumlo is a simple utility program that will remove any "orphaned" large objects from a PostgreSQL database. An orphaned large object (LO) is considered to be any LO whose OID does not appear in any oid or lo data column of the database.

git-stage.1
git-stage(1): - Add file contents to the staging area
git-stage(1): This is a synonym for git-add(1). Please refer to the documentation of that command. GIT Part of the git(1) suite git stage args. git-stage - Add file contents to the staging area

ntdbdump.8
ntdbdump(8): - tool for printing the contents of an NTDB file
ntdbdump(8): This tool is part of the samba(1) suite. ntdbdump is a very simple utility that 'dumps' the contents of a NTDB (New Trivial DataBase) file to standard output in a human-readable format.

zoo.1
zoo(1): - manipulate archives of files in compressed form
zoo(1): Zoo is used to create and maintain collections of files in compressed form. It uses a Lempel-Ziv compression algorithm that gives space savings in the range of 20% to 80% depending on the type of file data.

isoquery.1
isoquery(1): - Search and display various ISO codes (country, language, .
isoquery(1): This manual page documents briefly the isoquery command. It can be used to generate a tabular output of the ISO standard codes provided by the package iso-codes.

glbindbuffersbase.3g
glbindbuffersbase(3g): - bind one or more buffer objects to a sequence of indexed
glbindbuffersbase(3g): glBindBuffersBase binds a set of count buffer objects whose names are given in the array buffers to the count consecutive binding points starting from index index of the array of targets specified by target.

xs.7
xs(7): - Crossroads I/O, a lightweight messaging layer
xs(7): Crossroads I/O is a library for building scalable and high performance distributed applications. It fits between classic BSD sockets, JMS/AMQP-style message queues, and enterprise message-oriented middleware.

showpep.1e
showpep(1e): - Displays protein sequences with features in pretty format
showpep(1e): showpep is a command line program from EMBOSS ("the European Molecular Biology Open Software Suite"). It is part of the "Display" command group(s). showpep is fully documented via the tfm(1) system.

rrdcgi.1
rrdcgi(1): - Create web pages containing RRD graphs based on templates
rrdcgi(1): rrdcgi is a sort of very limited script interpreter. Its purpose is to run as a cgi-program and parse a web page template containing special &ltRRD:: tags. rrdcgi will interpret and act according to these tags.

afm2afm.1
afm2afm(1): - reencode an afm file - (Ubuntu Linux)
afm2afm(1): afm2afm re-encodes an afm file. Metrics (including kerning data) for characters not present in the chosen encoding are excluded from the output, which resuls in (potentially much) smaller files.

texi2dvi.1
texi2dvi(1): - convert Texinfo documents to DVI or PDF
texi2dvi(1): Run each Texinfo or (La)TeX FILE through TeX in turn until all cross-references are resolved, building all indices. The directory containing each FILE is searched for included files.

db.copy.1grass
db.copy(1grass): - Copy a table. Either 'from_table' (optionally with 'where') can
db.copy(1grass): db.copy allows the user to copy a table between two databases. Databases can be connected through different drivers (see examples below). db.connect, db.drivers, db.login, v.db.connect, v.

smtestdriver.1
smtestdriver(1): - smTestDriver (Ubuntu Linux Manual)
smtestdriver(1): This manual page documents briefly the smTestDriver command. You can find information in the paraview manual page and on the paraview web page http://www.paraview.org.

find.1posix
find(1posix): find --- find files (Ubuntu Linux Manual)
find(1posix): None. Section 2.2, Quoting, Section 2.13, Pattern Matching Notation, Section 2.14, Special Built-In Utilities, chmod, mv, pax, sh, test The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.12008, Chapter 8, Environment Variables, Section 12.

scan-build-3.7.1
scan-build-3.7(1): scan-build --- Clang static analyzer
scan-build-3.7(1): scan-build is a Perl script that invokes the Clang static analyzer. Options used by scan-build or by the analyzer appear first, followed by the build_command and any build_options normally used to build the target system.

opt.1
opt(1): - LLVM optimizer (Ubuntu Linux Manual Page)
opt(1): The opt command is the modular LLVM optimizer and analyzer. It takes LLVM source files as input, runs the specified optimizations or analyses on it, and then outputs the optimized file or the analysis results.

thin.1
thin(1): - fast and very simple Ruby web server (Ubuntu)
thin(1): Server options: -a, --address HOST bind to HOST address (default: 0.0.0.0) -p, --port PORT use PORT (default: 3000) -S, --socket FILE bind to unix domain socket -y, --swiftiply [KEY] Run using swiftiply -A, --adapter

tsmimehdrfieldfind.3ts
tsmimehdrfieldfind(3ts): - retrieves the TSMLoc location of a specified MIME field
tsmimehdrfieldfind(3ts): The name and length parameters specify which field to retrieve. For each MIME field in the MIME header, a case insensitive string comparison is done between the field name and name.

xmtablistinserttabs.3
xmtablistinserttabs(3): XmTabListInsertTabs --- A convenience function that inserts
xmtablistinserttabs(3): XmTabListInsertTabs creates a new tab list that includes the tabs in oldlist. This function copies specified tabs to the tab list at the given position. The first tab_count tabs of the tabs array are added to the tab list.

aqhbci-tool4.1
aqhbci-tool4(1): - Command line tools for setup, modification and debugging of HBCI
aqhbci-tool4(1): The aqhbci-tool4(1) command can be used to setup and manage AqBanking's HBCI users, customers and accounts. aqhbci-tool4 [global options] &ltcommand&gt [command options]

mlcat.1
mlcat(1): - cat frontend for multilog files (Ubuntu)
mlcat(1): cat frontend for multilog files -h, --help Display help and exit -V, --version Display version and exit This utility is a frontend for cat to easily cat logfiles from services running under daemontools.

tilestache-compose.1
tilestache-compose(1): - set a map coverage area (Ubuntu)
tilestache-compose(1): This manual page documents briefly the tilestache-compose command. There are three ways to set a map coverage area. 1) Center, zoom, and dimensions: create a map of the specified size, centered on a given geographical point at a given zoom

tmap.1e
tmap(1e): - Predict and plot transmembrane segments in protein sequences
tmap(1e): tmap is a command line program from EMBOSS ("the European Molecular Biology Open Software Suite"). It is part of the "Protein:Functional sites" command group(s).

lp-milestones.1
lp-milestones(1): - work with milestones in Launchpad
lp-milestones(1): lp-milestones allows you to create, delete, and rename milestones, as well as create a release from a milestone. lp-milestones &ltcommand&gt lp-milestones - work with milestones in Launchpad

cec-client.1
cec-client(1): - CEC connection client utility (Ubuntu)
cec-client(1): cec-client <-h|--help|-l|--list-devices|[COM PORT]>parameters: -h --help Shows this help text -l --list-devices List all devices on this system -t --type The device type to use. More than one is possible.

iso-8859-9.7
iso-8859-9(7): - ISO 8859-9 character set encoded in octal, decimal, and hexadecimal
iso-8859-9(7): The ISO 8859 standard includes several 8-bit extensions to the ASCII character set (also known as ISO 646-IRV). ISO 8859-9 encodes the characters used in Turkish.

funpack.1
funpack(1): - FITS image decompression program (Ubuntu)
funpack(1): funpack is an utility to restore a compressed FITS image file back to its original state. fpack(1), fitscopy(1). funpack [OPTION]. FILE. funpack - FITS image decompression program

cassie.1
cassie(1): - search a string in another string with errors allowed
cassie(1): Cassie is a wrapper above Cassiopee library to search in a string an other string, allowing Hamming or edit distance between them. It also support ambiguous search with an input alphabet map file.

smime.1ssl
smime(1ssl): - S/MIME utility (Ubuntu Linux Manual)
smime(1ssl): The smime command handles S/MIME mail. It can encrypt, decrypt, sign and verify S/MIME messages. COMMAND openssl smime [-encrypt] [-decrypt] [-sign] [-resign] [-verify] [-pk7out] [-[cipher]] [-in file] [-no_alt_chains] [-certfile file]

gmx-distance.1
gmx-distance(1): - Calculate distances between pairs of positions
gmx-distance(1): gmx distance calculates distances between pairs of positions as a function of time. Each selection specifies an independent set of distances to calculate. Each selection should consist of pairs of positions, and the distances are computed

stack.3tcl
stack(3tcl): - Create and manipulate stack objects
stack(3tcl): The ::struct namespace contains a commands for processing finite stacks. It exports a single command, ::struct::stack. All functionality provided here can be reached through a subcommand of this command. Note: As of version 1.3.

udp6.1
udp6(1): - A security assessment tool for UDP/IPv6 implementations
udp6(1): udp6 allows the assessment of IPv6 implementations with respect to a variety of attack vectors based on UDP/IPv6 datagrams. This tool is part of the SI6 Networks' IPv6 Toolkit: a security assessment and troubleshooting toolkit for the IPv6

git-send-pack.1
git-send-pack(1): - Push objects over Git protocol to another repository
git-send-pack(1): Usually you would want to use git push, which is a higher-level wrapper of this command, instead. See git-push(1). Invokes git-receive-pack on a possibly remote repository, and updates it from the current repository, sending named refs.

plscmap1n.3plplot
plscmap1n(3plplot): - Set number of colors in cmap1
plscmap1n(3plplot): Set number of colors in cmap1, (re-)allocate color map1, and set default values if this is the first allocation (see the PLplot documentation). Redacted form: plscmap1n(ncol1) This function is used in examples 8,11,20,21.

torbrowser-launcher.1
torbrowser-launcher(1): - Tor Browser Bundle helper
torbrowser-launcher(1): torbrowser-launcher is a tool for downloading, verifying, updating and launching the Tor Browser Bundle. tor(1) torbrowser-launcher Manual page by Jacob Appelbaum &ltjacob at appelbaum dot net&gt

nfdump.1
nfdump(1): - netflow display and analyze program (Ubuntu)
nfdump(1): nfdump is the netflow display and analyzing program of the nfdump tool set. It reads the netflow data from files stored by nfcapd and processes the flows according the options given.

lfm.1
lfm(1): - a powerful file manager for the UNIX console
lfm(1): Last File Manager is a powerful file manager for the UNIX console. It has a curses interface and it's written in Python v3.4+. The full documentation which includes the keys descriptions is in /usr/share/doc/lfm/README.

cpm.5
cpm(5): - CP/M disk and file system format (Ubuntu)
cpm(5): Characteristic sizes Each CP/M disk format is described by the following specific sizes: Sector size in bytes Number of tracks Number of sectors Block size Number of directory entries Logical sector skew Number of reserved system tracks

v.category.1grass
v.category(1grass): - Attaches, deletes or reports vector categories to map geometry.
v.category(1grass): v.category attaches, copies, deletes or reports categories of vector geometry objects. Further on, v.category adds a number given by the cat option to categories of the selected layer.

xmlsec1.1
xmlsec1(1): - sign, verify, encrypt and decrypt XML documents
xmlsec1(1): xmlsec is a command line tool for signing, verifying, encrypting and decrypting XML documents. The allowed &ltcommand&gt values are: --help display this help information and exit --help-all display help information for all

imenu.3tcl
imenu(3tcl): - Terminal widget, menu (Ubuntu Linux)
imenu(3tcl): This package provides a class for the creation of a simple menu control. CLASS API The package exports a single command, the class command, enabling the creation of menu instances. Its API is: term::interact::menu object dict ?options.

tst.3
tst(3): - ternary search trie functions (Ubuntu Linux)
tst(3): tst_init allocates memory for members of struct tst, and allocates the first node_line_width nodes. A NULL pointer is returned by tst_init if any part of the memory allocation fails. On success, a pointer to a struct tst is returned.

juke.1
juke(1): - A full screen jukebox (Ubuntu Linux Manual)
juke(1): This manual page documents briefly the juke program. Juke is a program that take directories as its arguments and will give the user the possibily of choosing audio files and queue them for playback.

exmenen.1
exmenen(1): - enable or disable extra menus for GNOME, KDE and other XDG menu-spec
exmenen(1): This manual page documents briefly the exmenen and exmendis commands. exmenen is a script that enables the specified extra applications menu on either a system, or per-user basis.

pkcs15-tool.1
pkcs15-tool(1): - utility for manipulating PKCS #15 data structures on smart cards
pkcs15-tool(1): The pkcs15-tool utility is used to manipulate the PKCS #15 data structures on smart cards and similar security tokens. Users can list and read PINs, keys and certificates stored on the token.

dawg.1
dawg(1): - DNA assembly with gaps, a DNA sequence simulator
dawg(1): dawg 1.2-release DNA Assembly With Gaps Copyright 2004-2009 Reed A. Cartwright dawg -[scubvhqew?] [-o outputfile] file1 [file2. ] -s: process files serially [default] -c: process files combined together -u: unbuffered output -b: buffered

sieve-filter.1
sieve-filter(1): - Pigeonhole's Sieve mailbox filter tool WARNING: This tool is
sieve-filter(1): The sieve-filter command is part of the Pigeonhole Project (pigeonhole(7)), which adds Sieve (RFC 5228) support to the Dovecot secure IMAP and POP3 server (dovecot(1)).

prepare.7
prepare(7): - prepare a statement for execution (Ubuntu)
prepare(7): PREPARE creates a prepared statement. A prepared statement is a server-side object that can be used to optimize performance. When the PREPARE statement is executed, the specified statement is parsed, analyzed, and rewritten.

makeswf.1
makeswf(1): - actionscript compiler - (Ubuntu Linux)
makeswf(1): makeswf is a command line interface to the Ming library actionscript compiler, with support for embedding prebuilt content. frame_content can be either: an ActionScript source file, a bitmap file (png or jpg), or an SWF file.

asdfg.1
asdfg(1): - a lightweight visual editor optimized for the QWERTY keyboard
asdfg(1): asdfg is an interactive display text editor optimized for users of the QWERTY keyboard layout. When run with no file name arguments, asdfg displays a short command introduction and summary.

qconf.1
qconf(1): - Grid Engine Queue Configuration (Ubuntu)
qconf(1): Qconf allows the system administrator to add, delete, and modify the current Grid Engine configuration, including queue management, host management, complex management and user management.

fpars.1e
fpars(1e): - Discrete character parsimony - (Ubuntu)
fpars(1e): fpars is a command line program from EMBOSS ("the European Molecular Biology Open Software Suite"). It is part of the "Phylogeny:Discrete characters" command group(s).

dcmdspfn.1
dcmdspfn(1): - Export standard display curves to a text file
dcmdspfn(1): Command line program converts a DCMTK monitor / camera / printer / scanner characteristics file to tabbed text file describing the characteristic curve (CC), the display function and the post- standardized curve (PSC) for an 8 bit display.

airport2-portinspector.1
airport2-portinspector(1): - Port maps inspector for the Apple AirPort Extreme Base
airport2-portinspector(1): airport2-portinspector allows you to inspect the port maps used by the hosts associated with your base station. airport2-portinspector airport2-portinspector was written by Jon Sevy [email protected]&gt.

tei2mod.1
tei2mod(1): - tool to convert TEI P5 source into a SWORD module
tei2mod(1): This utility is used to create SWORD module from a slightly modified TEI (Text Encoding Initiative) P5 formatted XML source document. The resulting module will be saved in the outputpath specified.

lacme.1
lacme(1): - ACME client written with process isolation and minimal privileges in
lacme(1): lacme is a small ACME client written with process isolation and minimal privileges in mind. It is divided into four components, each with its own executable: 1. A lacme-accountd(1) process to manage the account key and issue SHA-256

glob.h.7posix
glob.h(7posix): glob.h --- pathname pattern-matching types
glob.h(7posix): The &ltglob.h&gt header shall define the structures and symbolic constants used by the glob() function. The &ltglob.h&gt header shall define the glob_t structure type, which shall include at least the following members: size_t gl_pathc

metaphlan2.1
metaphlan2(1): - METAgenomic PHyLogenetic ANalysis for metagenomic taxonomic
metaphlan2(1): MetaPhlAn 2 clade-abundance estimation The basic usage of MetaPhlAn 2 consists in the identification of the clades (from phyla to species and strains in particular cases) present in the metagenome obtained from a microbiome sample and their

blogofile.1
blogofile(1): - Static website compiler and blog engine
blogofile(1): usage: blogofile [-h] [-s DIR] [--version] [-v] [-vv] . positional arguments: help Show help for a command. build Build the site from source.

freebcp.1
freebcp(1): - bulk loading utility for Sybase and Microsoft databases
freebcp(1): freebcp is a utility program distributed with FreeTDS. freebcp replicates (in part at least) the functionality of the "bcp" utility programs distributed by Sybase and Microsoft. freebcp makes use of the db-lib bcp API provided by FreeTDS.

x42-fil4.1
x42-fil4(1): - x42 JACK Parametric Equalizer (Ubuntu)
x42-fil4(1): x42-fil4 - JACK Parametric EQ This is a standalone JACK application of a collection of LV2 plugins. Use ID -1, -l or --list for a dedicated list of included plugins. By default the first listed plugin (ID 0) is used.

General Linux Commands (8)

mfixnan.1
mfixnan(1): - Replace a particular set of values in a FITS image with NaNs (or
mfixnan(1): Converts NaNs found in the image to some other value (given by the user), or converts a range of supplied values into NaNs. mFixNaN [-d level] [-v NaN-value] in.fits out.

netfilter-persistent.8
netfilter-persistent(8): - load, flush and save netfilter rule sets
netfilter-persistent(8): netfilter-persistent uses a set of plugins to load, flush and save netfilter rules at boot and halt time. Plugins can be written in any suitable language and stored in /usr/share/netfilter- persistent/plugins.

mailutil.1
mailutil(1): - mail utility program - (Ubuntu Linux)
mailutil(1): mailutil replaces the old chkmail, imapcopy, imapmove, imapxfer, mbxcopy, mbxcreat, and mbxcvt programs. mailutil check determines whether new mail exists in the given mailbox (the default is INBOX).

getorf.1e
getorf(1e): - Finds and extracts open reading frames (ORFs)
getorf(1e): getorf is a command line program from EMBOSS ("the European Molecular Biology Open Software Suite"). It is part of the "Nucleic:Gene finding" command group(s).

cueprint.1
cueprint(1): - report disc and track information from a CUE or TOC file
cueprint(1): cueprint reports disc and track information from CUE and TOC files, which are typically created by compact disc ripping software. By default, cueprint reports a default set of disc information, and a default set of information for each

probalign.1
probalign(1): - Align sequences in MFAFILE(s) and print result to standard output
probalign(1): PROBALIGN Version 1.4 (Nov 2010) aligns multiple protein sequences and prints to the standard output. Written by Satish Chikkagoudar and Usman Roshan using code from PROBCONS version 1.

mgt.6
mgt(6): - game record display/editor for the oriental game of go
mgt(6): Go is an ancient oriental strategy game based on the capturing of territory. The players alternate putting stones on the board, trying to surround as many empty intersections as possible.

od2trips.1
od2trips(1): - Importer of O/D-matrices for the road traffic simulation SUMO
od2trips(1): SUMO od2trips Version 0.27.1 Copyright (C) 2001-2016 DLR and contributors http://sumo.dlr.de Importer of O/D-matrices for the road traffic simulation SUMO. Configuration Options: -c, --configuration-file FILE Loads the named config on

eurephia-auth.7
eurephia-auth(7): - The eurephia OpenVPN authentication plug-in
eurephia-auth(7): The eurephia-auth.so is a plug-in for OpenVPN. It is loaded by providing the --plugin option in the OpenVPN configuration. The syntax for OpenVPN and eurephia-auth is: plugin eurephia-auth.

ec2msnapatt.1
ec2msnapatt(1): - Modify a snapshot attribute (Ubuntu)
ec2msnapatt(1): Modify an attribute on a snapshot. The SNAPSHOT parameter is the ID of the snapshot for which to modify an attribute. GENERAL http://docs.amazonwebservices.com/AWSEC2/2014-05-01/CommandLineReference http://docs.amazonwebservices.

mido-ports.1
mido-ports(1): - lists available ports for mido (Ubuntu)
mido-ports(1): This manual page documents briefly the mido-ports command. Lists available input and output ports and shows environment variables and the current backend module.

cdclose.1
cdclose(1): - play and catalog audio CDROMs on CDROM drive(s)
cdclose(1): The cdeject command ejects the current compact disc. The cdclose command closes the CDROM tray. The cdir command lists information about the currently loaded audio compact disc. In particular, it lists the lengths of all tracks.

gqfasi.3ncarg
gqfasi(3ncarg): - retrieves the current value of the fill area style index.
gqfasi(3ncarg): ERRIND (Integer, Output) - If the inquired value cannot be returned correctly, a non-zero error indicator is returned in ERRIND, otherwise a zero is returned. Consult "User's Guide for NCAR GKS-0A Graphics" for a description of the meaning

hsvrgb.3ncarg
hsvrgb(3ncarg): - Converts a color specification given in the Hue, Saturation, and
hsvrgb(3ncarg): The C-binding argument descriptions are the same as the FORTRAN argument descriptions. Online: colconv, hlsrgb, rgbhls, rgbhsv, rgbyiq, yiqrgb, ncarg_cbind. Hardcopy: NCAR Graphics Fundamentals, UNIX Version COPYRIGHT Copyright (C)

kakasi-config.1
kakasi-config(1): - script to get information about the installed version of KAKASI
kakasi-config(1): kakasi-config is a tool that is used to configure to determine the compiler and linker flags that should be used to compile and link programs that use KAKASI. It is also used internally to the .

prompter.1mh
prompter(1mh): - prompting editor front-end for nmh
prompter(1mh): Prompter is an editor front-end for nmh which allows rapid composition of messages. This program is not normally invoked directly by users but takes the place of an editor and acts as an editor front-end.

reapr-perfectfrombam.1
reapr-perfectfrombam(1): - generate perfect mapping plots from a bam file
reapr-perfectfrombam(1): Alternative to using perfectmap, for large genomes. Takes a BAM, which must have AS. tags in each line. Makes file of perfect mapping depth, for use with the REAPR pipeline.

ec2-associate-route-table.1
ec2-associate-route-table(1): - Associate a route table with a subnet
ec2-associate-route-table(1): Associate a route table with a subnet. ROUTE_TABLE is the route table that you wish to associate. GENERAL http://docs.amazonwebservices.com/AWSEC2/2014-05-01/CommandLineReference http://docs.amazonwebservices.

xmtextfieldsetstring.3
xmtextfieldsetstring(3): XmTextFieldSetString --- A TextField function that sets the
xmtextfieldsetstring(3): XmTextFieldSetString sets the string value of the TextField widget. This routine calls the widget's XmNvalueChangedCallback and verification callbacks, either XmNmodifyVerifyCallback or XmNmodifyVerifyCallbackWcs, or both.

i.ortho.rectify.1grass
i.ortho.rectify(1grass): - Orthorectifies an image by using the image to photo
i.ortho.rectify(1grass): i.photo.rectify rectifies an image by using the image to photo coordinate transformation matrix created by i.photo.2image and the rectification parameters created by i.photo.2target.

endpwent.3posix
endpwent(3posix): endpwent, getpwent, setpwent --- user database functions
endpwent(3posix): These functions shall retrieve information about users. The getpwent() function shall return a pointer to a structure containing the broken-out fields of an entry in the user database.

grun.1x
grun(1x): - X/GTK based application launcher. (Ubuntu)
grun(1x): gRun launches applications in X Windows without the need for an xterm session at all. gRun provides three methods of launching applications, entering the command directly into the text field, browsing the tree for the application and

vistaioattribute.3
vistaioattribute(3): - representation of a list of name/value pairs
vistaioattribute(3): Introduction An attribute associates a value with a name. Generally, various properties of an object such as an image are described by attributes, each naming one property and specifying that property's associated value.

atktopbm.1
atktopbm(1): - convert Andrew Toolkit raster object to portable bitmap
atktopbm(1): Reads an Andrew Toolkit raster object as input. Produces a portable bitmap as output. pbmtoatk(1), pbm(5) atktopbm [atkfile] Copyright (C) 1991 by Bill Janssen.

syncthing-rest-api.7
syncthing-rest-api(7): - REST API (Ubuntu Linux Manual)
syncthing-rest-api(7): Syncthing exposes a REST interface over HTTP on the GUI port. This is used by the GUI code (JavaScript) and can be used by other processes wishing to control Syncthing. In most cases both the input and output data is in JSON format.

lvchange.8
lvchange(8): lvchange --- change attributes of a logical volume
lvchange(8): lvchange allows you to change the attributes of a logical volume including making them known to the kernel ready for use. lvm(8), lvmetad(8), lvs(8), lvcreate(8), vgchange(8), lvmcache(7), lvmthin(7), lvm.

lp.4
lp(4): - line printer devices (Ubuntu Linux Manual)
lp(4): The following ioctl(2) calls are supported: int ioctl(int fd, LPTIME, int arg) Sets the amount of time that the driver sleeps before rechecking the printer when the printer's buffer appears to be filled to arg.

ecm.1
ecm(1): - integer factorization using ECM, P-1 or P+1
ecm(1): ecm is an integer factoring program using the Elliptic Curve Method (ECM), the P-1 method, or the P+1 method. The following sections describe parameters relevant to these algorithms.

gtranslator.1
gtranslator(1): gtranslator -- a comfortable gettext po file editor with many bells
gtranslator(1): gtranslator is a comfortable gettext po file editor with many features like special char featured editing, plural forms view, div. charset support, comfortable prefs, list view of messages, regular expression based search function,

dateutils.ddiff.1
dateutils.ddiff(1): - Compute duration from DATE/TIME (the reference date/time) to
dateutils.ddiff(1): Compute duration from DATE/TIME (the reference date/time) to the other DATE/TIMEs given and print the result as duration. If the other DATE/TIMEs are omitted read them from stdin.

popauth.1
popauth(1): - manage pop3 authentication database (Ubuntu)
popauth(1): GNU popauth -- manage pop3 authentication database Actions are: -a, --add add user -c, --create create the DBM from a plaintext file -d, --delete delete user's record -l, --list list the contents of DBM file -m, --modify modify user's

rtax.1
rtax(1): - Rapid and accurate taxonomic classification of short paired-end sequence
rtax(1): rtax [OPTION]. This manual page was written by Simon Kainz [email protected]&gt for the rtax package. Rtax was written by David A. W. Soergel [email protected]&gt.

sane-epson.5
sane-epson(5): - SANE backend for EPSON scanners (Ubuntu)
sane-epson(5): The sane-epson library implements a SANE (Scanner Access Now Easy) backend that provides access to Epson flatbed scanners. Some functions of this backend should be considered beta-quality software! Most functions have been stable for a long

v.to.rast.1grass
v.to.rast(1grass): - Converts (rasterize) a vector map into a raster map.
v.to.rast(1grass): v.to.rast transforms GRASS vector map layers into GRASS raster map layer format. Optionally, attributes can be converted to raster category labels. db.describe, v.

g.mapset.1grass
g.mapset(1grass): - Changes/reports current mapset.
g.mapset(1grass): g.mapset changes the current working MAPSET, LOCATION, or GISDBASE. This is a fairly radical maneuver to run mid-session, take care when running the GUI at the same time.

flightcrew-cli.1
flightcrew-cli(1): - epub validator command line frontend
flightcrew-cli(1): FlightCrew is a epub validator. Allowed options: --help produce help message --version show the program version --input-file arg input file flightcrew-gui(1)

cal.1posix
cal(1posix): cal --- print a calendar (Ubuntu Linux)
cal(1posix): None. The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.12008, Chapter 8, Environment Variables COPYRIGHT Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.

spline.1
spline(1): - interpolate datasets using splines under tension
spline(1): spline reads datasets from standard input or from one or more files, and fits a smooth curve (a "spline") through each dataset. An interpolated version of each dataset, consisting of points from the smooth curve, is written to standard

cuffdiff.1
cuffdiff(1): - component of cufflinks suite (Ubuntu)
cuffdiff(1): cuffdiff v2.2.1 () ----------------------------- Supply replicate SAMs as comma separated lists for each condition: sample1_rep1.sam,sample1_rep2.sam. sample1_repM.

hexer.1
hexer(1): - binary file editor (Ubuntu Linux Manual)
hexer(1): hexer is a multi-buffer editor for viewing and manipulating binary files. It can't (shouldn't) be used for editing block devices, because it tries to load the whole file into a buffer (it should work for diskettes).

errno.2freebsd
errno(2freebsd): intro --- introduction to system calls and error numbers
errno(2freebsd): This section provides an overview of the system calls, their error returns, and other common definitions and concepts. intro(3), perror(3) #include &lterrno.

bowtie2-align-s.1
bowtie2-align-s(1): - ultrafast and memory-efficient backend tool for aligning
bowtie2-align-s(1): Bowtie 2 version 2.2.9 by Ben Langmead ([email protected], www.cs.jhu.edu/

sunclock.1
sunclock(1): - a fancy clock for the X Window system, providing local time (legal
sunclock(1): sunclock is an X11 application that displays a map of the Earth and shows the illuminated portion of the globe. In addition to providing local time for the default timezone, it also displays GMT time, legal and solar time of major cities,

log2gpx.1
log2gpx(1): - Convert Dire Wolf log files to GPX format.
log2gpx(1): log2gpx converts Dire Wolf log files to the GPX format used by many mapping applications. Stationary entities are converted to waypoints. Moving entities are converted to tracks.

cgigetfile.3
cgigetfile(3): - Return information of a CGI file variable
cgigetfile(3): This routine returns a pointer to a datastructure associated with the value of a CGI file variable. The pointer must not be freed. The s_file structure is declared as follows: typedef struct file_s < char *name, *type, *filename, *tmpfile

rpost.1
rpost(1): - post an article to an NNTP news server
rpost(1): Rpost will post one or more articles, specified by hostname. If hostname is not specified, rpost will use the environment variable NNTPSERVER. The hostname may optionally include the port number, in the form Host:Port If this form is used,

vim-registry.5
vim-registry(5): - syntax for vim-addons registry files
vim-registry(5): A registry file is a multi-document YAML file (i.e. it can be composed by several different YAML documents separated by "---" lines). Each YAML document represents a registry entry, that is the information describing a single addon.

tic.1
tic(1): - the terminfo entry-description compiler (Ubuntu)
tic(1): The tic command translates a terminfo file from source format into compiled format. The compiled format is necessary for use with the library routines in ncurses(3NCURSES).

gap4.1
gap4(1): - Genome Assembly Program (part of staden package)
gap4(1): Gap4 is a Genome Assembly Program. The program contains all the tools that would be expected from an assembly program plus many unique features and a very easily used interface. The original version was described in Bonfield,J.K., Smith,K.F.

fenv.h.7posix
fenv.h(7posix): fenv.h --- floating-point environment
fenv.h(7posix): The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with the ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described here and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of POSIX.12008 defers to the ISO C standard.

woo-py3.1
woo-py3(1): - manual page for ver. 1.0-1 (openmp,opengl,gts,vtk,qt4)
woo-py3(1): usage: woo [-h] [--version] [-j THREADS] [--cores CORES] [--cl-dev CLDEV] [-n] [-D] [--quirks QUIRKS] [--flavor FLAVOR] [--batch-table BATCHTABLE] [--batch-line BATCHLINE] [--batch-results BATCHRESULTS] [-c COMMANDS] [-e EXPR] [--paused]

annotationviewer.1
annotationviewer(1): - tool for viewing analysis results that have been saved
annotationviewer(1): This manual page documents briefly the annotationViewer and bar commands. This manual page was written for the Debian(TM) distribution because the original program does not have a manual page.

htmlcopy.1p
htmlcopy(1p): htmlcopy -- Copy a HTML file without breaking links.
htmlcopy(1p): htmlcopy a source HTML file into DESTINATION. If the HTML file have links to images, other HTML files, javascripts and cascading style sheets, htmlcopy changing link path in the HTML file to keep the link destination.

exstream.3alleg4
exstream(3alleg4): - Playing audio streams. Allegro game programming library.
exstream(3alleg4): This program shows how to use the audio stream functions to transfer large blocks of sample data to the sound card. In this case, the sample data is generated during runtime, and the resulting sound reminds of a car engine when you are

col.1
col(1): col --- filter reverse line feeds from input
col(1): The col utility filters out reverse (and half reverse) line feeds so that the output is in the correct order with only forward and half forward line feeds, and replaces white-space characters with tabs where possible.

l64a.3posix
l64a(3posix): l64a --- convert a 32-bit integer to a radix-64 ASCII string
l64a(3posix): Refer to a64l(). COPYRIGHT Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base

gfdf.1
gfdf(1): - display disk free space of Gfarm file system
gfdf(1): gfdf displays disk usage and free space of Gfarm file system. gfhost(1), gfarm2.conf(5) gfdf [options] gfdf - display disk free space of Gfarm file system

license.1
license(1): - program to specify and modify media file licenses
license(1): The liblicense package provides a license command to allow simple command-line examination and manipulation of license information embedded in media files. The default action is to show the default license as configured in $HOME/.license.

tua.8l
tua(8l): - The Uucp Analyzer - (Ubuntu Linux Manual)
tua(8l): The purpose of the TUA utility is to produce a readable and complete analysis of the HoneyDanBer UUCP connections. This manual page describes the TUA command line options and shortly explains its output.

mkdfa.1
mkdfa(1): - grammar compiler - (Ubuntu Linux Manual)
mkdfa(1): mkdfa compiles the Julian format grammar (.grammar and .voca) to Julian native formats (.dfa and .dict). In addition, ".term" will be also generated that stores correspondence of category ID used in the output files to the source category

unistd.h.7posix
unistd.h(7posix): unistd.h --- standard symbolic constants and types
unistd.h(7posix): The &ltunistd.h&gt header defines miscellaneous symbolic constants and types, and declares miscellaneous functions. The actual values of the constants are unspecified except as shown. The contents of this header are shown below.

systemd-hybrid-sleep.service.8
systemd-hybrid-sleep.service(8): - System sleep state logic
systemd-hybrid-sleep.service(8): systemd-suspend.service is a system service that is pulled in by suspend.target and is responsible for the actual system suspend. Similarly, systemd-hibernate.service is pulled in by hibernate.target to execute the actual hibernation.

freedv.1
freedv(1): - Digital Voice for HF (Ubuntu Linux Manual)
freedv(1): FreeDV is a GUI application that allows any SSB radio to be used for low bit rate digital voice. Speech is compressed down to 1400 bit/s then modulated onto a 1100 Hz wide QPSK signal which is sent to the Mic input of a SSB radio.

eulb-create-tags.1
eulb-create-tags(1): - Add one or more tags to a load balancer
eulb-create-tags(1): Add one or more tags to a load balancer positional arguments: ELB name of the load balancer to tag (required) optional arguments: -t KEY=VALUE, --tag KEY=VALUE key and value of each tag to add (required) -U URL, --url URL load balancing

classdiagram.3clc
classdiagram(3clc): - OpenCL UML Class Diagram (Ubuntu)
classdiagram(3clc): The diagram above represents the OpenCL specification as a class diagram using the Unified Modeling Language* (UML) notation. The diagram shows both nodes and edges which are classes and their relationships.

rasgetpal.1ncarg
rasgetpal(1ncarg): - extract the color palette of a rasterfile and write it to
rasgetpal(1ncarg): Given srcfile and no dstfile, rasgetpal will extract the color palette from srcfile and print it in textual form to standard output. Given srcfile and dstfile, rasgetpal will extract the color palette from srcfile and save it in file

aprx.8
aprx(8): - An APRS iGate application with integrated Digipeater.
aprx(8): The aprx program is a special purpose Ham-radio application supplying infrastructure services for APRS protocol use. A more detailed manual is available at: http://ham.zmailer.org/oh2mqk/aprx/aprx-manual.

wxradiobutton.3erl
wxradiobutton(3erl): - See external documentation: wxRadioButton.
wxradiobutton(3erl): See external documentation: wxRadioButton. This class is derived (and can use functions) from: wxControl wxWindow wxEvtHandler DATA TYPES wxRadioButton(): An object reference, The representation is internal and can be changed without notice.

www.3
www(3): - World Wide Web Package (Ubuntu Linux Manual)
www(3): This package provides a utility functions for the World Wide Web to extract descriptions of or meta information from files, and hyperlink text. SUBROUTINES The following Perl subroutines are defined and available: extract_description( FILE

mxml.3
mxml(3): - Mini-XML API INCLUDE FILE #include &ltmxml.h&gt
mxml(3): Mini-XML is a small XML parsing library that you can use to read XML and XML-like data files in your application without requiring large non-standard libraries. Mini-XML only requires an ANSI C compatible compiler (GCC works, as do most

gwama.1
gwama(1): - Genome-Wide Association Meta Analysis (Ubuntu)
gwama(1): GWAMA (Genome-Wide Association Meta Analysis) software performs meta- analysis of the results of GWA studies of binary or quantitative phenotypes. Fixed- and random-effect meta-analyses are performed for both directly genotyped and imputed

nice.1
nice(1): - run a program with modified scheduling priority
nice(1): Run COMMAND with an adjusted niceness, which affects process scheduling. With no COMMAND, print the current niceness. Niceness values range from -20 (most favorable to the process) to 19 (least favorable to the process).

r.support.1grass
r.support(1grass): - Allows creation and/or modification of raster map layer support
r.support(1grass): r.support allows the user to create and/or edit raster map support information. Editing of raster map color tables, category labels, header, history, and title is supported. Category labels can also be copied from another raster map.

sisu.1
sisu(1): - documents: markup, structuring, publishing in multiple standard formats,
sisu(1): sisu_webrick is part of SiSU (man sisu) sisu_webrick starts Ruby SiSU output is written, providing a list of these directories (assuming SiSU is in use and they exist).

indexmaker.1
indexmaker(1): - Creates index files for mrtg web sites (mrtg-2.17.4)
indexmaker(1): Indexmaker can create web pages which display the status of an array of mrtg interface status pages. --output filename set output filename (default: stdout) --filter (title|pagetop|name)(=

)regexp Several filters may get set.

cdbsplit.6
cdbsplit(6): - program to operate cookie (fortune) database
cdbsplit(6): This manual page documents briefly the cdbsplit command. This manual page was written for the Debian GNU/Linux distribution because the original program does not have a manual page. Instead, it has some plain text documentation, see below.

mono-cil-strip.1
mono-cil-strip(1): Mono CIL strip (Ubuntu Linux Manual)
mono-cil-strip(1): mono-cil-strip is a tool which takes an assembly, and empty its method bodies. This is useful to reduce an assembly size when an assembly has already been compiled using Mono's Ahead Of Time compiler (AOT), where the CIL code is no longer

coffee.1
coffee(1): - interpreter and compiler for the CoffeeScript language
coffee(1): If called without options, `coffee` will run your script. -b, --bare compile without a top-level function wrapper -c, --compile compile to JavaScript and save as .

tos-ident-flags.1
tos-ident-flags(1): - generate compile-time flags identifying a program build
tos-ident-flags(1): tos-ident-flags prints a set of -Dname=value options that identify a build of program-name. It is used to embed build information in a TinyOS executable. Feb 3, 2006 tos-ident-flags(1)

alignmentprojector.1
alignmentprojector(1): - part of mauveAligner package getAlignmen
alignmentprojector(1): These tools belong to the mauveAligner package. They are not explicitly documented but are printing a synopsis line which is repeated here. addUnalignedIntervals &ltinput interval file&gt &ltoutput interval file&gt alignmentProjector

mkcramfs.8
mkcramfs(8): - make a compressed ROM file system (Ubuntu)
mkcramfs(8): This manual page documents briefly the mkcramfs command. This manual page was written for the Debian GNU/Linux distribution (but may be used by others), because the original program does not have a manual page.

r.li.padsd.1grass
r.li.padsd(1grass): - Calculates standard deviation of patch area a raster map
r.li.padsd(1grass): r.li.padsd calculates the standard deviation of patch area sizes in hectares as: with: * MPS: mean patch area size * ai: area of patch i * Npatch: number of patches This index is calculated using a 4 neighbour algorithm, diagonal cells are

francine.1
francine(1): francine --- highly configureable console login program
francine(1): This manual page documents briefly the francine command. francine is a program with which you can make your console login more funny. You can have ANSI logos for both the login mask and the error screen.

v.db.select.1grass
v.db.select(1grass): - Prints vector map attributes.
v.db.select(1grass): v.db.select prints attributes of a vector map from one or several user selected attribute table columns. db.select v.db.select v.db.select --help v.db.select [-rcvf] map=name [layer=string] [columns=name[,name.

xapers-adder.1
xapers-adder(1): - "gui" to import individual documents into Xapers database
xapers-adder(1): The specified PDF file is displayed (using xdg-open(1)), then a terminal is opened (x-terminal-emulator(1)) executing the following command: xapers add --file=&ltfile.

perlsource.1
perlsource(1): - A guide to the Perl source tree (Ubuntu)
perlsource(1): This document describes the layout of the Perl source tree. If you're hacking on the Perl core, this will help you find what you're looking for. FINDING YOUR WAY AROUND The Perl source tree is big.

sync-accounts-createuser.8
sync-accounts-createuser(8): - helper/hook program for sync-accounts
sync-accounts-createuser(8): sync-accounts-createuser is invoked by sync-accounts when sync-accounts is creating a local account. It must perform all of the tasks involved with local account creation except for the actual changes to the password, shadow and group

thermachron.3
thermachron(3): - Thermochron temperature logging iButton.
thermachron(3): 1-Wire 1-wire is a wiring protocol and series of devices designed and manufactured by Dallas Semiconductor, Inc. The bus is a low-power low- speed low-connector scheme where the data line can also provide power.

xkbgetnamedgeometry.3
xkbgetnamedgeometry(3): - Loads a keyboard geometry description from this database
xkbgetnamedgeometry(3): It is also possible to load a keyboard geometry by name. The X server maintains a database of keyboard components (see below). XkbGetNamedGeometry can return BadName if the name cannot be found.

acdtable.1e
acdtable(1e): - Generate an HTML table of parameters from an application ACD file
acdtable(1e): acdtable is a command line program from EMBOSS ("the European Molecular Biology Open Software Suite"). It is part of the "Acd,Data retrieval:Tool data" command group(s).

likwid-gentopocfg.1
likwid-gentopocfg(1): - Get system topology and write them to file for faster LIKWID
likwid-gentopocfg(1): likwid-genTopoCfg is a command line application that stores the system's CPU and NUMA topology to file. LIKWID applications use this file to read in the topology fast instead of re-gathering all values.

initctl.8
initctl(8): - init daemon control tool (Ubuntu Linux)
initctl(8): initctl allows a system administrator to communicate and interact with the Upstart init(8) daemon. If D-Bus has been configured to allow non-privileged users to invoke all Upstart D-Bus methods, this command is also able to manage user jobs.

ample.html.5
ample.html(5): - html template for Ample - (Ubuntu)
ample.html(5): This file, by default /etc/ample.html, is read by Ample at startup and used as a base for it's HTML pages. These pages are rendered whenever a webbrowser connects and requests a list of available songs and directories (typically done by

mc-package.1
mc-package(1): - installs, uninstalls and query Operating System packages.
mc-package(1): mc-package installs, uninstalls and query Operating System packages. Usage: mc-package [options] action package --np, --no-progress Do not show the progress bar -1, --one Send request to only one discovered nodes --limit-nodes, --ln [COUNT]

jasper.1
jasper(1): - File format converter specialized in JPEG-2000 encoding
jasper(1): The jasper command converts to and from JPEG-2000 files. Please use the --help command line switch and the JasPer Software Reference Manual for more information.

create-munge-key.8
create-munge-key(8): - Create munge key (Ubuntu Linux)
create-munge-key(8): The create-munge-key script creates a cryptographic key for munge(8) authentication service remunge(1), unmunge(1), munge(3), munge_ctx(3), munge_enum(3), munge(7), munged(8). http://munge.googlecode.

dsa.3ssl
dsa(3ssl): - Digital Signature Algorithm - (Ubuntu)
dsa(3ssl): These functions implement the Digital Signature Algorithm (DSA). The generation of shared DSA parameters is described in DSA_generate_parameters(3) DSA_generate_key(3) describes how to generate a signature key.

storebackupmount.1
storebackupmount(1): - runs storeBackup backing up to an nfs mount
storebackupmount(1): This script does the following: - checks an nfs server with ping - mounts that server via a list of mount points - starts storeBackup (with a config file) - umounts that server

d.rast.num.1grass
d.rast.num(1grass): - Overlays cell category values on a raster map displayed in the
d.rast.num(1grass): d.rast.num overlays cell category values onto a raster map layer displayed on the user's graphics monitor. Category values will be displayed in the text color given and scaled to fit within a single cell.

ddtc.1
ddtc(1): - ddts client tool to help translators and reviewers.
ddtc(1): This script helps both translators and reviewers with parsing mails from the ddts, splitting them into individual package files, sending reviews and patching buggy translations.


Notes

  1. Sullivan, June M. “Recent Developments and Future Trends in Electronic Medical and Personal Health Records.” The Health Law 19 (2007): 16.
  2. American Health Information Management Association (AHIMA). Data Quality Management Model. Chicago, IL: AHIMA, 2012.
  3. Sullivan, June M. “Recent Developments and Future Trends in Electronic Medical and Personal Health Records.”
  4. Kellermann, Arthur L., and Spencer S. Jones. “What It Will Take To Achieve The As-Yet-Unfulfilled Promises of Health Information Technology.” Health Affairs 32 (2013): 64.
  5. Sittig, Dean F., and Hardeep Singh. “Defining Health Information Technology-Related Errors.” Archives of Internal Medicine 171 (2011): 1281.
  6. Ibid.
  7. Institute of Medicine, Committee on Patient Safety and Health Information Technology. Health IT and Patient Safety: Building Safer Systems for Better Care. Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2011, S-2.
  8. Ibid., 1-6.
  9. Singh, Hardeep, David C. Classen, and Dean F. Sittig. “Creating an Oversight Infrastructure for Electronic Health Record-Related Patient Safety Hazards.” Journal of Patient Safety 7 (2011): 172.
  10. Ibid.
  11. Institute of Medicine, Committee on Patient Safety and Health Information Technology. Health IT and Patient Safety: Building Safer Systems for Better Care, S-5.
  12. Ibid.
  13. Weiskopf, Nicole Gray, and Chunhua Weng. “Methods and Dimensions of Electronic Health Record Data Quality Assessment: Enabling Reuse for Clinical Research.” Journal of the AmericanMedical Informatics Association 20 (2013): 144.
  14. Hobson, Katherine. “Web-Based Electronic Health Record Safety Registry Launches.” Wall Street Journal Health Blog, November 15, 2010. Available at http://blogs.wsj.com/health/2010/11/15/web-based-electronic-health-record-safety-registry-launches/.
  15. Harrison, Michael I., Ross Koppel, and Shirly Bar-Lev. “Unintended Consequences of Information Technologies in Health Care—An Interactive Sociotechnical Analysis.” Journal of the AmericanMedical Informatics Association 14 (2007): 542.
  16. Singer, Stacey. “Electronic Medical Records May Cause Patient Care Errors, Florida Medical Board Says.” Palm Beach Post News, June 5, 2010. Available at http://www.palmbeachpost.com/news/electronic-medical-records-may-cause-patient-care-errors-729288.html.
  17. Versel, Neil. “EMR Safety in Spotlight After Baby’s Death.” Information Week, June 30, 2011. Available at http://www.informationweek.com/news/healthcare/EMR/231000763.
  18. Karsh, Ben-Tzion, et al. “Health Information Technology: Fallacies and Sober Realities.” Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association 17 (2010): 621.
  19. Singh, Hardeep, David C. Classen, and Dean F. Sittig. “Creating an Oversight Infrastructure for Electronic Health Record-Related Patient Safety Hazards.” 169.
  20. Karsh, Ben-Tzion, et al. “Health Information Technology: Fallacies and Sober Realities.”
  21. Hoffman, Sharona, and Andy Podgurski. “E-Health Hazards: Provider Liability and Electronic Health Record Systems.” Berkeley Technology Law Journal 24 (2009): 1563.
  22. Mamykina, Lena, et al. “Clinical Documentation: Composition or Synthesis?” Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association 19 (2012): 1025.
  23. Weiskopf, Nicole Gray, and Chunhua Weng. “Methods and Dimensions of Electronic Health Record Data Quality Assessment: Enabling Reuse for Clinical Research.”
  24. Sittig, Dean F., and Hardeep Singh. “Defining Health Information Technology-Related Errors.”
  25. Hoffman, Sharona, and Andy Podgurski. “Finding a Cure: The Case for Regulation and Oversight of Electronic Health Record Systems.” Harvard Journal of Law and Technology 22 (2008): 106.
  26. Ibid., 128.
  27. Graham, Judith, and Cynthia Dizikes. “Baby’s Death Spotlights Safety Risks Linked to Computerized Systems.Chicago Tribune, June 27, 2011. Available at http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2011-06-27/news/ct-met-technology-errors-20110627_1_electronic-medical-records-physicians-systems.
  28. Ibid.
  29. Telephone interview with Michael Stearns, president and chief executive officer, e-MDs, Inc., November 23, 2011.
  30. Jones, Spencer S., et al. Guide to Reducing Unintended Consequences of Electronic Health Records. Prepared by Rand Corporation. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), August 2011.
  31. AHIMA Physician Practice Council. “Resolution on Quality Data and Documentation in the EHR.” 2007. Available at http://library.ahima.org/xpedio/groups/public/documents/ahima/bok1_035781.hcsp.
  32. Phillips, Win, and David Fleming. “Ethical Concerns in the Use of Electronic Medical Records.” Modern Medicine 106 (2009): 328.
  33. Ibid.
  34. Hoffman, Sharona, and Andy Podgurski. “Finding a Cure: The Case for Regulation and Oversight of Electronic Health Record Systems,” 120.
  35. Phillips, Win, and David Fleming. “Ethical Concerns in the Use of Electronic Medical Records.”
  36. Institute of Medicine, Committee on Patient Safety and Health Information Technology. Health IT and Patient Safety: Building Safer Systems for Better Care, 6-1.
  37. Kannry, Joseph. “Effect of E-Prescribing Systems on Patient Safety.” Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine 78 (2011): 830.
  38. Ibid.
  39. Singh, Hardeep, David C. Classen, and Dean F. Sittig. “Creating an Oversight Infrastructure for Electronic Health Record-Related Patient Safety Hazards,” 169.
  40. Hoffman, Sharona, and Andy Podgurski. “Finding a Cure: The Case for Regulation and Oversight of Electronic Health Record Systems,” 135.
  41. Ibid.
  42. Ash, Joan S., et al. “Some Unintended Consequences of Information Technology in Health Care: The Nature of Patient Care Information System-related Errors.” Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association 11 (2004): 108.
  43. Ibid.
  44. Ibid.
  45. Telephone interview with Michael Stearns, president and chief executive officer, e-MDs, Inc., November 23, 2011.
  46. Weir, C. R., et al. “Direct Text Entry in Electronic Progress Notes.” Methods of Information in Medicine 42 (2003): 61.
  47. Gelzer, Reed, et al. Copy Functionality Toolkit: A Practical Guide: Information Management and Governance of Copy Functions in Electronic Health Record Systems. Chicago, IL: AHIMA, 2012.
  48. AHIMA. “Electronic Documentation Templates Support ICD-10-CM/PCS Implementation.” AHIMA Practice Brief, 2012. Available at http://library.ahima.org/xpedio/groups/public/documents/ahima/bok1_049750.hcsp?dDocName=bok1_049750.
  49. Simborg, Donald W. “Promoting Electronic Health Record Adoption: Is It the Correct Focus?” Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association 15, no. 2 (2008): 128.
  50. AHIMA. Data Quality Management Model.
  51. Weir, C. R., et al. “Direct Text Entry in Electronic Progress Notes,” 65.
  52. Institute of Medicine, Committee on Patient Safety and Health Information Technology. Health IT and Patient Safety: Building Safer Systems for Better Care, 6-2.
  53. Gelzer, Reed, et al. Copy Functionality Toolkit: A Practical Guide: Information Management and Governance of Copy Functions in Electronic Health Record Systems.
  54. Siegler, Eugenia, and Ronald Adelman. “Copy and Paste: A Remediable Hazard of Electronic Health Records.” Journal of the American Medical Association 122 (2009): 495.
  55. O’Reilly, Kevin B. “EHRs: ‘Sloppy and Paste’ Endures Despite Patient Safety Risk.” American Medical News, February 4, 2013. Available at http://www.amednews.com/article/20130204/profession/130209993/2/.
  56. Gelzer, Reed, et al. Copy Functionality Toolkit: A Practical Guide: Information Management and Governance of Copy Functions in Electronic Health Record Systems.
  57. Ibid.
  58. Cited in O’Reilly, Kevin B. “EHRs: ‘Sloppy and Paste’ Endures Despite Patient Safety Risk.”
  59. Ibid.
  60. O’Malley, Ann S. “Are Electronic Medical Records Helpful for Care Coordination?” Journal of General Internal Medicine 25 (2010): 179.
  61. Siegler, Eugenia, and Ronald Adelman. “Copy and Paste: A Remediable Hazard of Electronic Health Records.”
  62. Thornton, J. Daryl, et al. “Prevalence of Copied Information by Attendings and Residents in Critical Care Progress Notes.” Critical Care Medicine 41 (2013): 4.
  63. Wrenn, Jesse O., et al. “Quantifying Clinical Narrative Redundancy in an Electronic Health Record.” Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association 17, no. 1 (2010): 50.
  64. O’Donnell, Heather C., et al. “Physicians’ Attitudes Towards Copy and Pasting in Electronic Note Writing.” Journal of General Internal Medicine 24 (2008): 66. .
  65. Kohn, Deborah. “Patient Engagement and the Legal Electronic Health Record.” Presentation at the American Health Information Management Association Legal Electronic Health Record Summit, Chicago, IL, August 15, 2011.
  66. “Electronic Health Records: Managing Emerging Risks.” Claims Rx (NORCAL Mutual Insurance Company, San Francisco, CA), August 2010, 4.
  67. Ozeran, Larry, and Mark R. Anderson. Do EHRs Increase Liability? 2011, Available at http://www.acgroup.org/images/2011_White_Paper_-_Do_EHRs_Increase_Liability.pdf.
  68. PriorityHealth. “Use of Cloning in Electronic Records.” Available at https://www.priorityhealth.com/provider/manual/office-mgmt/records/documentation-cloning (accessed March 6, 2013).
  69. Singer, Stacey. “Electronic Medical Records May Cause Patient Care Errors, Florida Medical Board Says.”
  70. PriorityHealth. “Use of Cloning in Electronic Records.”
  71. Coiera, E., J. I. Westbrook, and J. C. Wyatt, “Safety and Quality of Decision Support Systems.” Yearbook of Medical Informatics (2006): 24.
  72. Ibid., 23.
  73. Ibid., 22–23.
  74. Ibid.
  75. Ibid.
  76. Fox, John, and Richard Thomson. “Clinical Decision Support Systems: A Discussion of Quality, Safety, and Legal Liability Issues.” American Medical Informatics Association Annual Symposium Proceedings (2002): 268.
  77. Ash, Joan S., et al. “Some Unintended Consequences of Information Technology in Health Care: The Nature of Patient Care Information System-related Errors,” 108.
  78. Ibid.
  79. Fox, John, and Richard Thomson. “Clinical Decision Support Systems: A Discussion of Quality, Safety, and Legal Liability Issues.”
  80. Ibid.
  81. Coiera, E., J. I. Westbrook, and J. C. Wyatt, “Safety and Quality of Decision Support Systems,” 22.
  82. Tsai, Theodore L., Douglas B. Fridsma, and Guido Gatti. “Computer Decision Support as a Source of Interpretation Error: The Case of Electrocardiograms.” Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association 10 (2003): 482.
  83. Ibid.
  84. Ibid., 479.
  85. Strom, Brian L., and Rita Schinnar. “Evaluating Health Information Technology’s Clinical Effects.” Leonard Davis Instititue Issue Brief 16, no. 4 (2011): 1–4.
  86. Hoffman, Sharona, and Andy Podgurski. “E-Health Hazards: Provider Liability and Electronic Health Record Systems,” 1546.
  87. Ibid., 1547.
  88. Ibid.
  89. Institute of Medicine, Committee on Identifying and Preventing Medication Errors, Preventing Medication Errors. Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2007, 19–20.
  90. Ibid., 20.
  91. Coiera, E., J. I. Westbrook, and J. C. Wyatt, “Safety and Quality of Decision Support Systems,” 22.
  92. Phillips, Win, and David Fleming. “Ethical Concerns in the Use of Electronic Medical Records,” 331.
  93. Institute of Medicine, Committee on Patient Safety and Health Information Technology. Health IT and Patient Safety: Building Safer Systems for Better Care, 1-6.
  94. Walker, James M., et al. “EHR Safety: The Way Forward to Safe and Effective Systems.” Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association 15 (2008): 273.
  95. Institute of Medicine, Committee on Patient Safety and Health Information Technology. Health IT and Patient Safety: Building Safer Systems for Better Care, 4-6.
  96. Ibid., S-3.
  97. AHIMA. Data Quality Management Model.
  98. Institute of Medicine, Committee on Patient Safety and Health Information Technology. Health IT and Patient Safety: Building Safer Systems for Better Care, 6-6 to 6-7.
  99. Love, Jennifer S., et al. “Are Physicians’ Perceptions of Healthcare Quality and Practice Satisfaction Affected by Errors Associated with Electronic Health Record Use?” Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association 19 (2012): 610.
  100. Hoffman, Sharona, and Andy Podgurski. “E-Health Hazards: Provider Liability and Electronic Health Record Systems,” 1580.
  101. Ibid., 1565.
  102. Ibid., 1562.
  103. Institute of Medicine, Committee on Patient Safety and Health Information Technology. Health IT and Patient Safety: Building Safer Systems for Better Care, 6-18.
  104. Ibid.
  105. Agrawal, Abha. “Medication Errors: Prevention Using Information Technology Systems.” British Journal of Pharmacology 67 (2009): 684.
  106. Fox, John, and Richard Thomson. “Clinical Decision Support Systems: A Discussion of Quality, Safety, and Legal Liability Issues,” 267.
  107. Agrawal, Abha. “Medication Errors: Prevention Using Information Technology Systems.”
  108. Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology. EHR Meaningful Use Specification Sheets. Available at http://www.healthit.gov/providers-professionals/meaningful-use-definition-objectives.
  109. Institute of Medicine, Committee on Patient Safety and Health Information Technology. Health IT and Patient Safety: Building Safer Systems for Better Care, 6-7.
  110. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. “Electronic Health Record Usability, Interface Design Considerations.” 2009. http://healthit.ahrq.gov/sites/default/files/docs/citation/09%2810%29-0091-2-EF.pdf.
  111. Simborg, Donald W. “There Is No Neutral Position on Fraud!” Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association 18 (2011): 675.
  112. Hammond, Kenric W., et al. “Are Electronic Medical Records Trustworthy? Observations on Copying, Pasting, and Duplication.” American Medical Informatics Association Symposium Proceedings (2003): 273.
  113. Mangalmurti, Sandeep S., Lindsey Murtagh, and Michelle M. Mello. “Medical Malpractice Liability in the Age of Electronic Health Records.” New England Journal of Medicine 363 (2010): 2065.
  114. Fox, John, and Richard Thomson. “Clinical Decision Support Systems: A Discussion of Quality, Safety, and Legal Liability Issues,” 267.
  115. Jones, Spencer S., et al. Guide to Reducing Unintended Consequences of Electronic Health Records.
  116. Botsis, Taxiarchis, et al. “Secondary Use of EHR: Data Quality Issues and Informatics Opportunities.” Proceedings of the American Medical Informatics Association Joint Summits on Translational Science (2010): 5.
  117. RTI International. Recommended Requirements for Enhancing Data Quality in Electronic Health Records. Prepared for the Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, May 2007. Available at http://www.rti.org/pubs/enhancing_data_quality_in_ehrs.pdf.
  118. Hammond, Kenric W., et al. “Are Electronic Medical Records Trustworthy? Observations on Copying, Pasting, and Duplication.”
  119. Ibid.
  120. Gelzer, Reed, et al. Copy Functionality Toolkit: A Practical Guide: Information Management and Governance of Copy Functions in Electronic Health Record Systems.
  121. Hammond, Kenric W., et al. “Are Electronic Medical Records Trustworthy? Observations on Copying, Pasting, and Duplication.”
  122. Ibid.
  123. Fox, John, and Richard Thomson. “Clinical Decision Support Systems: A Discussion of Quality, Safety, and Legal Liability Issues,” 267.
  124. Ibid., 268.
  125. Coiera, E., J. I. Westbrook, and J. C. Wyatt, “Safety and Quality of Decision Support Systems.”
  126. Ibid.
  127. Institute of Medicine, Committee on Patient Safety and Health Information Technology. Health IT and Patient Safety: Building Safer Systems for Better Care, S-8.
  128. Ibid.
  129. Ibid., 6-28.
  130. Ibid., 6-3.
  131. Ibid., 4-17.
  132. Ibid.
  133. Ibid., 7-1.
  134. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. “Electronic Health Record Usability, Interface Design Considerations,” 15.
  135. Kloss, Linda. “Information Management and Governance: Essential Health Data Integrity Practices.” Presentation at the AHIMA Health Information Integrity Summit, Chicago, IL, November 8, 2012.
  136. Institute of Medicine, Committee on Patient Safety and Health Information Technology. Health IT and Patient Safety: Building Safer Systems for Better Care, S-2.
  137. Mamykina, Lena, et al. “Clinical Documentation: Composition or Synthesis?”
  138. Love, Jennifer S., et al. “Are Physicians’ Perceptions of Healthcare Quality and Practice Satisfaction Affected by Errors Associated with Electronic Health Record Use?”
  139. Karsh, Ben-Tzion, et al. “Health Information Technology: Fallacies and Sober Realities.” 629.
  140. Versel, Neil. “EMR Safety in Spotlight After Baby’s Death.”
  141. Phillips, Win, and David Fleming. “Ethical Concerns in the Use of Electronic Medical Records.”

Sue Bowman, MJ, RHIA, CCS, FAHIMA. “Impact of Electronic Health Record Systems on Information Integrity: Quality and Safety Implications.” Perspectives in Health Information Management (Fall 2013): 1-19.